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ap psych test 8
Terms in this set (53)
Inserting a medical instrument through each eye socket was part of a treatment known as
Kammy vividly imagines being abused by her own mother while her therapist triggers eye movements by waving a finger in front of Kammy's eyes. The therapist is apparently using a technique known as
Unpleasant withdrawal symptoms following the discontinued use of an antianxiety drug are indicative of
After performing a meta-analysis of some 475 psychotherapy outcome studies, Smith and her colleagues reported in 1980 that
evidence supports the efficacy of psychotherapy.
Many professionals outside the field of psychology are prepared to offer psychotherapy in the process of completing a graduate program in
Alex feels so hopeless and depressed that he has recently thought about taking his own life. The drug most likely to prove beneficial to him is
Lithium has been found to be especially effective in the treatment of
Which of the following treatment approaches has received little or no scientific support?
Which of the following treatments is most likely to be used only with severely depressed patients?
Which drugs are designed to depress central nervous system activity?
Which of the following is most clearly a key contributor to the formation of the therapeutic alliance?
an empathic therapist
Aerobic exercise, adequate sleep, light exposure, and social engagement are important components of
therapeutic life-style change.
meta-analysis refers to
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different studies.
Clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and an understanding of patient characteristics best illustrates
Antidepressant drugs, a fresh perspective on his problems, and a strong therapeutic alliance all contributed to helping David recover from a major depressive disorder. An integrated understanding of David's recovery process is best provided by
a biopsych approach
Psychopharmacology involves the study of how:
drugs affect mind and behavior.
Selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors are frequently prescribed for the treatment of
The reduced self-control of murderers is most closely related to reduced brain activity in their ________ lobes.
In which operant conditioning procedure are positive reinforcers given for desired behaviors?
a token economy
During a stressful military battle, Maizani suddenly went blind. When hypnotized by an army psychiatrist, his blindness vanished. Maizani apparently suffered from a
When Indio told his therapist, "I came to see what you could do for me," the therapist responded, "It sounds like you're feeling you need some help. Am I right?" The therapist's response illustrates the technique of
Which of the following disorders is more common among men than women?
anti-social personality disorder
A psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a bodily form without apparent physical cause is a
somatic symptom disorder.
Inderpreet is convinced that her occasional headaches are caused by a malignant brain tumor. Although several physicians have assured her that she has no serious physical problem, Inderpreet continues to seek medical attention for a brain tumor. Her behavior provides an example of
illness anxiety disorder
which form of therapy is most likely to emphasize the importance of examining a person's role within a social system?
Systematic desensitization is a form of ________, which is a type of ________
counterconditioning; behavior therapy
Those who engage in spurts of excessive overeating, followed by remorse—but do not binge, purge, fast, or exercise excessively—are said to haveb
binge eating disorder
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by
episodes of overeating followed by vomiting.
Transference refers to a client's
expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier life relationships.
Dissociative disorders are most likely to be characterized by
disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity
Freud's techniques and assumptions are most evident in today's
An integrated therapy that aims to modify both self-defeating thinking and maladaptive actions is known as
systematic desensitization involves
associating a pleasant relaxed state with anxiety-arousing stimuli.
An adopted child's chances of developing schizophrenia ________ if the biological parents have schizophrenia. The child's chances ________ if the adopted parents have schizophrenia.
increase, do not increase
An incapacitating and highly distressing fear about being embarrassed in the presence of others is most characteristic of
social anxiety disorder.
Dopamine over-activity appears to be most clearly related to
The ability of mental health professionals to quickly communicate the characteristics of their patients' complex symptoms is most clearly facilitated by the use of
Mr. Kahlone believes that he is the president of the United States and that he will soon become the "King of the Universe." Mr. Kahlone is most clearly suffering from
julius is obsessed with avoiding germs and feels compelled to bathe at least 10 times every day. His therapist suggests that Julius continues his maladaptive bathing because this behavior temporarily reduced his anxiety on many past occasions. The therapist's suggestion most directly reflects a ________ perspective.
Both the inseparability of mind and body and the interaction of nature and nurture are most clearly emphasized by
Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are major symptoms of
While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely suffering from a(n)
Using DSM-5 guidelines, two different clinicians are likely to give a specific patient the same diagnosis. This indicates that the DSM-5 is
Phobias are most likely to be characterized by
a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation
Stressful life events like the loss of a job are most likely to increase one's risk of
It would be most difficult to use ________ to explain why anorexia nervosa occurs mostly in Western cultures.
the medical model
Compared with those who suffer no disorder, those who abuse alcohol have ________ risk of committing suicide. Compared with the general population, those who have been depressed have ________ risk of committing suicide
a higher; a higher
After several weeks of feeling apathetic and dissatisfied with his life, Mark has suddenly become extremely cheerful and so talkative he can't be interrupted. He seems to need less sleep and becomes irritated when his friends tell him to slow down. Mark's behavior is indicative of
Psychiatrists and psychologists would be likely to identify agoraphobia as a psychological disorder because it is
Abnormally low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin are associated with
Which group of severe disorders is characterized by disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions?
Compared with men, women are much more likely to be diagnosed as suffering from
Jeremy experiences so much anxiety about taking the elevator that he climbs 10 flights of stairs to get to his office each workday. Jeremy appears to suffer from
a specific phobia
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