CH 21: Three Chinese Philosophies SG
Terms in this set (11)
Which dynasty did the Zhou overthrow?
Define feudalism and it's social order.
A system of government based on landowners and tenants. King, Lords, Peasants
A Chinese philsophy that emphasizes proper behavior
What was the main influence of Confucianism?
exams for civil servants
Was Laozi the only author of a work called Dao De Jing (Classic of the Way and Its Power)?
Dao De Jing was actually written over time by many writers
Define yin and Yang
The Daoist concept of opposing forces of nature
In the Teachings of Legalism, what do legalists believe about human nature?
People are naturally selfish
According to Henfeizi, what should rulers do to avoid being overthrown?
Henfeizi taught that rulers must have absolute power backed by military might
In the later years of the Zhou dynasty, what was the condition in China that led to new philosophies?
What is the Mandate of Heaven?
A political theory in ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source.
What was the Warring States period?
250 years in Chinese history where 6 or 7 large states fought each other for power and one state after another was destroyed
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