Upgrade to remove ads
World Civilization: Chapters 12-13 Imperialism Study Guide
Terms in this set (24)
The first official representative of the British in New Zealand
Claimed New Zealand and part of Australia for Britain
James first voyage--sailed along North and South Islands and eastern Australia
He proved the mythical Terra Australis did not exist (giant land mass in the Southern Hemisphere)
Searched for water route from Hudson Bay to the Pacific
He dies in Hawaii
Cook's voyages taught Europe about New Zealand; introduces NZ to European diseases and soon the natives build immunity
New technology introduced
Leader of the Taiping Rebellion (most devastating peasant revolt in history) which called for an end to the hated Qing Dynasty.
Taiping rebels held out, but they were crushed by the government 14 years later.
Led "La Reforma"
Offered hope to the oppressed people of Mexico; revised the Mexican constitution to strip military power and end special privileges of the church (sell unused lands to peasants)
Conservatives resisted La Reforma--started a civil war. They turned to Europe for help. (French+conservative)
Juárez was elected president and expanded reform. Captured Maximilian.
Died in office.
What he did:
-brought mestizos into politics
-separated church and state
King of Belgium
Hired Henry Stanley to explore the Congo River and arrange trade treaties with African leaders.
Spoke widely of "spreading the light" with other nations, but privately dreamed of conquest and profit.
Caused other nations to rival to claim land in the region as well.
Queen of Hawaii
Tried to reduce foreign influence and was overthrown by American planters.
This caused the US to annex Hawaii before Britain and Japan did.
Christian missionary and explorer
Opposed the slave trade in Africa (more sympathy less bias)
Blazed a trial others would follow.
Ethiopian reforming ruler
Hired Europeans to plans modern roads and bridges, to set up a Western school system, and to train his army; he imported the latest weapons.
Fought back the Europeans (Italians) and resisted imperialism and preserved independence (only African nation to do so)
Studied foreign language, maths and sciences.
Used his knowledge to bargain with the Europeans and make unequal treaties to further Siams power.
Set out a road to modernization (reformed gov., modernized army, hired westerners to teach Thais how to use new tech)
Abolished slavery, gave women a choice in marriage.
Ruler of the Zulus in Africa
Raged relentless war and conquered nearby peoples.
Encouraged Zulu nationalism.
Conquest caused a chain reaction of wars and chaos; Zulus driven north.
There, they ran into the Boers (descendants of Dutch farmers who left Cape Colony because of the shift from Dutch to British power) and fighting broke out.
In the end, the Boers weapons were superior and the struggle for the land raged until the end of the century.
Journalist who tracked into Central Asia to find Livingstone.
Paid by King Leopold to explore the Congo River
Discovered New Zealand in 1642
Definition of "sepoy"
What are the four types of colonial control?
1) Colony: A country or territory governing internally by a foreign power
2) Protectorate: A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power
3) Sphere of Influence: An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges
4) Economic Imperialism: An independent but less developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments
Who were the natives of New Zealand and Australia?
In what country did women first receive universal suffrage?
(excluding the native women)
Natives of what US state share common ancestry with the natives of New Zealand and Australia?
What was the "Berlin Conference"?
European powers met at an international conference in 1884
Took place in Berlin
Africans were not invited
They decided that no European power could claim any part of Africa unless it had set up a government office there
Africa still had no say in what was being done to their country
What is "Social Darwinism"?
The belief that you are better than those who are different, and that it is your duty to convert them to your ways
(Ex. Westerners in Asia)
What is the phrase "Jewel in the Crown"?
The most valuable of all of Britain's colonies
This phrase was applied to India
What was "Sepoy Mutiny"?
An 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against British in India
What was "Raj"?
British rule after India came under the British crown during the reign of Queen Victoria
Describe "annexation" "assimilation" and "paternalism"
as strategies of Imperialism.
Annexation: adding on of the other country (ex. when japan annexed Korea) think of the annex of a building
Assimilation: gradual cultural change
Paternalism: immediate political change
Review the details of the Armenian Genocide, specifically how nationalism impacted all involved parties.
Nationalism: ignited new tensions between the Turkish nationalists (Muslim) and the minority peoples (Christian Armenians) who sought their own states.
Nationalism: triggered the brutal genocide (holocaust) of the Armenians
-Armenians (Christian people concentrated in the east of the empire)
Minorities of Turkey, lived in their own communities and practiced their own religions.
Nationalism: Wanted to set up their own states, lived separately, were Christian
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
World History 2/19
World History Chapter 12: New Imperialism
Chapter 12: The New Imperialism
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Last World Civ Quest!!!!
Chemistry Chapter 19: Acids, Bases, and Salts
Final Vocab test