Korean and Vietnam War Terms
Terms in this set (16)
Korean War, 1950-53 (Truman Administration)
War started by North Korean forces crossing the 38th parallel and invading South Korea. United Nations forces, strengthened primarily by the United States, launched a police action against North Korea to stop aggression.
Vietnam, 1954-1961 (Eisenhower Administration)
After French colonists were forced out of Vietnam in 1954, Vietnam was divided into two nations - North and South. When elections to unify the divided nation were canceled in 1956, the U.S. sent aid and advisers to South Vietnam.
Belief that if a nation fell under communist control, nearby nations would also fall under communist control. The domino theory led to the U.S. sending military forces to aid South Vietnam.
Vietnam, 1961-1963 (Kennedy Administration)
In an effort to help South Vietnam, the U.S. increased the number of advisers in South Vietnam and sent in special forces to fight for South Vietnam.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution, 1964
After President Johnson claimed North Vietnamese forces attacked U.S. boats in international waters in the Gulf of Tonkin, the U.S. Congress voted to give the president a "blank check" to do whatever was necessary to stop communism in South Vietnam.
Vietnam, 1965-1969 (Johnson Administration)
After increasingly escalating the number of U.S. forces in South Vietnam, President Johnson slowly realized he was fighting a war against Vietnamese nationalism that he could not win. In 1968, President Johnson withdraw from the presidential election and called for peace talks to end the Vietnam War.
Vietnamese Communist rebels in South Vietnam.
Tet Offensive, 1968
Vietcong and North Vietnamese attack throughout South Vietnam that caused public opinion in the United States to turn against the war.
Senator who opposed the Vietnam War and made an unsuccessful attempt to win the Democratic nomination for president in 1968.
Senator who opposed the Vietnam War and was assassinated while campaigning for the Democratic nomination for president in 1968.
My Lai, 1968
Village in South Vietnam where U.S. troops massacred 350-500 innocent women and children. Increased public opposition to the war when it became public in 1969.
Vietnam War, 1969-1973 (Nixon Administration)
Although President Nixon increased the bombing of Vietnam and launched invasions of Laos and Cambodia, he also decided to withdraw U.S. troops from Vietnam.
President Nixon's policy of gradually removing U.S. troops from Vietnam.
U.S. withdrawal from South Vietnam, 1973
The United States withdrew combat troops from South Vietnam.
War Powers Act, 1973
Law that prevents the president from involving the United States in war without congressional authorization.
Fall of South Vietnam, 1975
South Vietnam fell to communist control.