A more ornate form than the Doric or Ionic; consists of a double row of acanthus leaves, wrapped around a bellshaped echinus
One of the two systems (or orders) evolved for articulating the three units of elevation of an ancient Greek temple
The name the ancient Greeks called themselves as the people of Hellas, to distinguish themselves from the people who did not speak Greek.
The term given to the culture that developed after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.E. and lasted almost three centuries, until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 31 B.C.E.
One of the two systems (or orders) evolved for articulating three units of the elevation of a Greek temple, the platform, the colonnade, and the superstructure (entablature) The Ionic order is characterized by, e.g., volutes, capitals, columns with bases, and uninterrupted frieze.
The early phase of the Archaic Greek art, so named because of the adoption of forms and motifs from the ancient Near East and Egypt.
Literally, the "high city." In Greek architecture, usually the site of the city's most important temple(s).
In ancient Greek mythology, a fantastical creature, with the front or top half of a human and the back or bottom half of a horse
A vertical, weight carrying architectural member, consisting of a base (sometimes), shaft, and capital
The disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part (usually legs or hips one way, shoulders and chest another)
The circular wall that supports a dome, also one of the cylindrical stones of which a non-monolithic column is made.
In drawing and architecture, a geometric projection of a building on a plane perpendicular to the horizon (vertical).
A painting technique in which pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot.
Vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross-section and used principally on columns and pilasters.
The use of perspective to represent in art, the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.
A hideous female demon with snake hair. Medusa, the most famous gorgon, was capable of turning anyone who gazed at her into stone.
A bronze casting method in which a figure is modeled in wax and covered in clay; the whole is fired, melting away the wax and hardening the clay, which then becomes the mold for a molten metal.
A column that is all one piece (no drums), a large, single block or piece of stone is used in megalithic structures.
A groove at the bottom of the ancient Greek Doric capital between the echinus and the flutes that masks the junction of the capital and shaft.
A conventional, decorative ornament of ancient origin composed of radiating petals springing from a cuplike base.
Mosaics made of irregularly shaped stones, found near the river or ocean, of various colors.
The triangular space at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade.
A simple long woolen belted garment worn by ancient Greek women that gives the female figure a columnar appearance.
An ancient ceremonial drinking vessel, sometimes in the form of the head of an animal, a person, or a mythological creature