57 terms

Music theory

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Terms in this set (...)

Tie
joins two notes of the SAME pitch
Slur
smoothly connects two or more notes of DIFFERENT pitches
piano (p)
soft
forte (f)
loud
mezzo piano (mp)
moderately soft
mezzo forte (mf)
moderately loud
pianissimo (pp)
very soft
fortissimo (ff)
very loud
crescendo or cresc.
gradually louder
decrescendo or dim or diminuendo or decresc.
gradually softer
largo
very slow
adagio
slow
andante
Walking speed
Moderato
Moderately
Allegro
Quickly, cheerfully
Vivace
Lively and Fast
ritardando (ritard. or rit.)
gradually slower
accerlerando (accel.)
gradually faster
staccato
play note short or detached ; "Detached"
accent
play the note louder, with special emphasis
sforzando
a sudden, strong accent; "forcing"
tenuto
hold the note for its full value; "Held"
fermata
hold the note longer than its normal value (approx. twice as normal duration)
Da Capo
Repeat from the beginning
Dal Segno
Repeat from the sign
Fine
The end
Coda
An added Ending *Skip directly to coda when sign appears
Flat
a sign before a note that lowers the pitch of that note
Sharp
a sign before a note that increases the pitch of that note
Natural Sign
a sign before a note that cancels a previous sharp or flat
HALF STEP (H)
the distance from any key on the keyboard to the very next key above or below,
WHOLE STEP (W)
The distance from any key to two keys above or below
ENHARMONIC NOTES
Notes that sound the same but are written differently `
Accidentals
Flat, Sharp, or natural
TETRACHORD
a series of four notes having a pattern of whole step, whole step, half step. The four notes must be in Alphabetical order
The Major Scale
-consists of eight notes:
(two tetrachords joined by a whole step)
The Keynote
each scale beings and ends on a note of the same name, called ____
The Sharp Scales
-the 2nd tetrachord of the C major scales is the 1st tetrachord of the G major scale
-The 2nd tetrachord of the G major schale is the 1st tetrachord of the D major scale
**Starting with the C Major scale, the 2nd tetrachord is always the 1st tetrachord of the following sharp scale. This overlapping pattern continues through all the major sharp scales
The Flat Scales
-The 4th scale degree of the C major scale (F) is the 1st scale degree of the F major scale
-the 4th scale degreee of the F major scale is (Bb) is the 1st clae degree of the Bb major scale
***Starting withte C Major scale, the 4th scale degree is always the 1st sclae degree (keynote) of the following flat scale. This pattern continues through all the major flat scales
E major
A Major
Key of B Maj.
Key of F# major
Key of C#major
Key of Eb Major
Key of Ab Major
Key of Db Major
Key of Gb Major
Key of Cb Major
the CHROMATIC SCALE
scale made up entirely of half steps in consecutive order. On a keyboard, therefore, it uses every key, black and white. When the scale goes up, it is called ASCENDING; when it goes down it is call DESCENDING
Interval
the distance in pitch betwen two notes; named by the number
UNison
an interval between notes that are identical
Octave
the interval of an 8th
Melodic Interval
intervals that are sounded separately
Harmonic Intervals
intervals that are sounded together
Even numbered intervals
of 2nds, 4ths, 6ths, and octaves: written from lined to space or space to line
Odd numbered intervals
of unisons, 3rds, 5ths, and 7ths: writted from line to line or space to space