42 terms

Definitions - Level 4

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accidental
A sharp, flat or natural sign
bar line
Divides the staff into measures
beam
Used to connect eighth notes
brace
Curved bracket used to connect two staves
double bar line
Indicates the end of a piece
chord
Three or more tones sounding together
chromatic sign
Same meaning as 'accidental'
crescendo
Increasing in volume
da capo
Repeat from the beginning
dal segno
Repeat from the point marked by a sign, usually
diminuendo
Growing softer, "dim."
decrescendo
Decreasing in volume
flat sign
Lowers a pitch by a half step
forte
Loud
fortissimo
Very loud
half step
The distance from one key to the very next key
interval
The distance in pitch between two tones
keynote
The first pitch (degree) of a scale, tonic
key signature
Placement of sharps or flats at the beginning of
each line of music indicating which notes are to be
raised or lowered in performance of the music
legato
Play in a smooth and connected manner
major scale
Eight notes made up of the following half and whole step pattern: W-W-H-W-W-W-H
major triad
A triad which has four half steps (major 3rd) between the bottom and middle tone, and three half steps (minor 3rd) between the middle and top tone
mezzo forte
Moderately loud
mezzo piano
Moderately soft
natural
A sign that cancels a sharp or flat
ornament
A note or notes added to "beat" notes of music, embellishing the music
piano
Soft
pianissimo
Very soft
second
A step
sharp sign
Raises a pitch by a half step
slur
A curved line connecting notes of different pitches
staccato
Detached, not connected
tempo
The speed of steady beats, moving in time
pentachord
A series of five musical tones
third
An interval of two steps, a skip
time signature
Two numbers, one on top of the other, that indicate the number of beats in each measure and the type
of note that receives one beat
tonic
The first note of a scale; scale degree one; keynote
tie
A curved line connecting two notes of the same pitch
triad
A three note chord built of thirds
whole step
An interval spanning two half steps (Ex. C to D)
tonic triad
A triad built on the tonic; scale degree one
scale degree
An Arabic number given to each note of the
ascending scale
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