70 terms

Definitions - Level 9

Musical terms found in the level 9 TMTA Whitlock state theory tests.
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andante
A tempo indicating a walking speed
cadence
A two-chord progression at the end of a phrase or
a section in the music
chromatic sign
Sharp, double-sharp, flat, double-flat, or natural signs
crescendo
Growing louder
da capo
Repeat from the beginning
dal segno
Repeat from the point marked by a sign
decrescendo
Growing softer; dim. or diminuendo
dominant
The fifth tone of a scale, scale degree five
dominant triad
A triad built on the fifth scale degree
Enharmonic
spelling
Using more than one spelling for the same pitch (e.g. C-sharp or D-flat)
half step
The distance from one key to the very next key
harmonic interval
Two tones played or sung at the same time
keynote
The first pitch (degree) of a scale, tonic
meter
The organizing pattern of strong and weak beats
moderato
A tempo a little faster than Andante
motive
A short, distinctive rhythmic or melodic idea used repeatedly
order of flats
The order in which flats appear in a key signature
order of sharps
The order in which sharps appear in a key signature
ornament
A note or notes added to "beat" notes of music, embellishing the music
pentatonic scale
A scale that has only five tones
primary chords
Chords built on scale degrees 1, 4 and 5
subdominant
The fourth tone of a scale; scale degree four
syncopation
The emphasis of beats which are normally weak in a meter; an off-beat
tetrachord
A scale of four tones
time signature
Two numbers, one on top of the other, that indicate the number of beats per measure and the note value that receives one beat.
tonic
The first pitch (degree) of a scale; keynote
tonic triad
A triad built on the first scale degree
whole step
An interval spanning two half steps (C to D)
Animato
Animated, lively
Asymmetrical Meter
A meter which is a combination of an even and odd simple meter
Compound Meter
A meter in which the beat can be divided into
groups of three
Dolce
Sweetly
Double Flat
A chromatic sign that lowers a tone two half steps
Double Sharp
A chromatic sign that raises a tone two half steps
Lento
A slow tempo
Major Interval
The set of intervals in the major scale, using scale degrees 1-2 (Major 2nd), 1-3 (Major 3rd), 1-6
(Major 6th), or 1-7 (Major 7th)
Natural (or Pure) Minor Scale
A scale made up of whole steps and half steps used
in ascending order: W-H-W-W-H-W-W
Perfect Interval
Perfect Interval The set of intervals in the major scale, using scale
degrees 1-1 (Per. Unison), 1-4 (Per. 4th), 1-5 (Per.
5th), 1-8 (Per. Octave)
Simple Meter
A meter in which the beat can be subdivided into
groups of two
Chromatic Half
Step
A half step using the same letter name (C to C#)
Diatonic Half Step
A half step using two letter names; a minor second
(C to D-flat)
Diminished Triad
A triad built with two minor thirds
First Inversion Triad
A triad with its third as its lowest pitch
Harmonic Minor Scale
A minor scale that raises scale degree 7 a half step
Melodic Minor Scale
A minor scale that raises degrees 6 and 7 when ascending to tonic, and uses the natural minor
when descending
Root Position Triad
A triad with its root as the lowest pitch
Second Inversion Triad
A triad with its fifth as the lowest pitch
Transposition
To move music (melodic or chordal) to a different
pitch level, keeping the pattern exactly the same
Ad Libitum
Freedom to improvise or vary the tempo
Alto
In four-part harmony, the second highest voice
Aria
A composition for solo voice from n opera or
oratorio, and must be accompanied
Augmented
Interval
A perfect or major interval that has been increased
by a half step
Augmented Triad
A triad built with two major thirds
Bass
In four-part harmony, the lowest voice
Diminished Interval
A perfect or minor interval that has been decreased
by a half step
Half Cadence
Any cadence which ends on the dominant (V) triad
Harmonic Interval
Two tones played or sung at the same time
Imperfect Authentic Cadence
Any authentic cadence (V-I) which does not have the root in the bass on both chords and the soprano
voice of the I chord is not tonic
Melodic Interval
The distance between two tones played or sung in
succession
Melody
An organized group of tones, heard one at a time,
which is divided into phrases; a tune
Names of Scale Degrees
Tonic (1),
Supertonic (2),
Mediant (3),
Subdominant (4),
Dominant (5),
Submediant 6),
Leading Tone/Subtonic (7)
Parallel Keys
Major and minor keys that have the same tonic (keynote)
Perfect Authentic Cadence
An authentic cadence (V-I) which has the root of both chords in the bass and the tonic in the soprano of the I chord
Phrase
Part of a melody which pauses or ends with a cadence
Prelude
A smaller composition that is usually followed by a larger composition, in the same key
Relative Keys
Major and minor keys that share the same key signature
Semplice
To play simply; without ornament
Soprano
In four-part harmony, the highest voice
Tenor
In four-part harmony, the third highest voice
Whole-Tone Scale
A six-tone scale built only of whole steps
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