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1020 Literary Terms APSU
Terms in this set (65)
words that express general ideas or concepts
story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities
repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion politics, sports, science, or another branch of culture. An indirect reference to something (usually from literature etc.).,
Comparison made between two things to show how they are alike,
a direct address to someone or something that is dead, absent or inanimate
the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words that are together
In poetry, a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first but with the parts reversed. Coleridge: "Flowers are lovely love is flowerlike." ,
casual or informal but correct language of ordinary native speakers--may include contractions and slang,
an elaborate metaphor that compares two things that are startlingly different. Often an extended metaphor.
words that specifically name or describe things or persons. anything perceived by the senses.
the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase in addition to its strict dictionary definition.,
the contrast between a character's position and the treatment received by fate
two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry.
the literal, dictionary meaning of a word
intended to teach a moral lesson or import knowledge
a variety of language spoken by an identifiable group or social class
a speaker or writer's choice of words.,
a poem written as a speech to be spoken at a decisive moment to a silent listener
the meaning of a text, act of interpreting or discovering usually involves close reading and special attention to figurative language.
a type of comedy in which ridiculous and often stereotyped characters are involved in silly far-fetched situations.
Words which are inaccurate if interpreted literally but are used to describe. Similes and metaphors are common forms.
a scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to depict something that happened at an earlier time.
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot.
heightened, impersonal language of educated persons, usually only written or spoken on dignified occasions
poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme.
ordinary speech of educated native speakers--between colloquial and formal English
Japanese verse form that has three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables
a figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement for effect. "If I told you once I've told you a million times...."
a word or series of words that refers to any sensory experience that recreates physical experience and adds immediacy to the language
the use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person , a thing a place, or an experience.
a discrepancy between appearances and reality.
occurs when someone says one thing but really means something else.
takes place when there is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen or what would be appropriate to happen, and what really does happen.
is so called because it is often used on stage. A character in the play or story thinks one thing is true but the audience or reader knows better.
is a form of understatement in which the positive form is emphasized throughthe negation of a negative form: Hawthorne--- "...the wearers of petticoat and farthingale...stepping forth into the public ways and wedging their not unsubstantial persons if occasion were, into the throng...",
a poem that does not tell a story but expresses the personal feelings or thoughts of the speaker.
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of such specific words of comparison as like, as, than, or resembles.
does not state explicitly the two terms of the comparison:
is a metaphor that is extended or developed as far as the writer wants to take it. (conceit if it is quite elaborate).
combining of two incompatible metaphors resulting in ridiculousness
a figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing, is referred to by something closely associated with it. "We requested from the crown support for our petition." The crown is used to represent the monarch.
An atmosphere created by a writer's diction and the details selected.
the use of words whose sounds echo their sense. "Pop." "Zap."
achieved by a play on words, at first the statement may seem contradictory but reflection reveals a deeper meaning
a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. "Jumbo shrimp." "Pretty ugly." "Bitter-sweet"
the restatement in one's own words of what a poem says or suggests
a fictitious character created by the author to be the speaker of a literary work
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings thoughts, or attitudes.
language deemed suitable for verse/elevated language intended for poetry rather than common use.
a poem consisting of four lines, or four lines of a poem that can be considered as a unit.
a word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated, for effect, several times in a poem.
a rise and fall of the voice produced by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language.
a style of bitter irony intended to hurt or mock its target
a question asked for an effect, and not actually requiring an answer.
poetry that blends criticism with humor to convey a message
a figure of speech that makes an explicitly comparison between two unlike things using words such as like, as , than, or resembles.,
a long speech made by a character in a play while no other characters are on stage.
a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole. "If you don'tdrive properly you will lose your wheels." The wheels represent the entire car.,
what a work is about--main topic
a condensation of the main idea or plot of a work--less detailed than a paraphrase
the insight about human life that is revealed in a literary work.,
the attitude a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audiencerevealed through diction, figurative language, and organization.,
any single line of poetry or any composition written in separate lines of more of less regular rhythm in contrast to prose
the lowest level of diction--unschooled, everyday speech that does not necessarily contain foul or inappropriate language
Sets with similar terms
AP Literature Poetry Terms
AP Literature Poetry Terms
AP Language and Composition Literary Terms