5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- caste system
- Rig Veda
- a an incarnation, or living embodiment, or a deity, usually Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are the most popular avatars.
- b traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
- c a collections of 1, 017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500BC earlier; Hinduism's oldest text.
- d the traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.
- e the third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.
5 Multiple choice questions
- "the path of works" - One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma.
- a trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.
- the lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.
- A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
- the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.
5 True/False questions
kama → the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.
maya → cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power.
dharma → Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.
ascetic → the traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.
brahmin → the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.