5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- caste system
- bhakti marga
- a - the most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's chosen god or goddess.
- b the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.
- c an incarnation, or living embodiment, or a deity, usually Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are the most popular avatars.
- d the lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.
- e traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
- a trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.
- the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.
- a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life.
- The eternal self, which the Upanishads identify with Brahman; often lowercase: the eternal Self or soul on an individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next and is ultimately identified with Atman.
5 True/False questions
artha → material success and social prestige, one of the four goals of life.
ascetic → one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism.
Brahman → the highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests.
maya → cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power.
sati → pleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.