5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- caste system
- a cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power.
- b Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.
- c a trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.
- d the third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.
- e traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
- liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara, salvation; one of the four goals of life.
- The eternal self, which the Upanishads identify with Brahman; often lowercase: the eternal Self or soul on an individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next and is ultimately identified with Atman.
- - the most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's chosen god or goddess.
- a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life.
5 True/False questions
Bhagavad-Gita → A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
shudra → the lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.
artha → the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.
karma → the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.
Rig Veda → the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.