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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Sannyasin
  2. Brahman
  3. Upandishads
  4. caste system
  5. Rig Veda
  1. a a collections of 1, 017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500BC earlier; Hinduism's oldest text.
  2. b traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
  3. c the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
  4. d a collection of over two hundred texts composed of between 900 and 200 BC that provide philosophical commentary to the Vedas
  5. e a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests.
  2. the traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.
  3. an incarnation, or living embodiment, or a deity, usually Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are the most popular avatars.
  4. pleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.
  5. the third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.

5 True/False questions

  1. bhakti marga"the path of works" - One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma.

          

  2. jnana marga"the path of knowledge" - one of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation.

          

  3. asceticthe traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.

          

  4. Atmanthe eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.

          

  5. samadhipleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.