5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Rig Veda
- a the lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.
- b the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.
- c a collections of 1, 017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500BC earlier; Hinduism's oldest text.
- d Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.
- e liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara, salvation; one of the four goals of life.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.
- A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
- the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
- "the path of knowledge" - one of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation.
- one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism.
5 True/False questions
kama → pleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.
Upandishads → a collection of over two hundred texts composed of between 900 and 200 BC that provide philosophical commentary to the Vedas
karma marga → "the path of works" - One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma.
brahmin → the highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests.
Sannyasin → a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life.