5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power.
- b A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
- c The eternal self, which the Upanishads identify with Brahman; often lowercase: the eternal Self or soul on an individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next and is ultimately identified with Atman.
- d the lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.
- e a collection of over two hundred texts composed of between 900 and 200 BC that provide philosophical commentary to the Vedas
5 Multiple choice questions
- one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism.
- Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.
- the third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.
- traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
- the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
5 True/False questions
bhakti marga → "the path of works" - One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma.
Sannyasin → a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life.
kama → pleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.
brahmin → the highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests.
samadhi → a trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.