5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- caste system
- Rig Veda
- a traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
- b A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
- c a collection of over two hundred texts composed of between 900 and 200 BC that provide philosophical commentary to the Vedas
- d one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism.
- e a collections of 1, 017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500BC earlier; Hinduism's oldest text.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.
- the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.
- liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara, salvation; one of the four goals of life.
- pleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.
- a trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.
5 True/False questions
jnana marga → "the path of knowledge" - one of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation.
karma marga → "the path of knowledge" - one of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation.
Sannyasin → a wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life.
brahmin → the highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests.
shudra → Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.