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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. vaishya
  2. Avatar
  3. caste system
  4. Rig Veda
  5. sati
  1. a an incarnation, or living embodiment, or a deity, usually Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are the most popular avatars.
  2. b traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
  3. c a collections of 1, 017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500BC earlier; Hinduism's oldest text.
  4. d the traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.
  5. e the third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. "the path of works" - One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma.
  2. a trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.
  3. the lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.
  4. A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
  5. the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.

5 True/False questions

  1. kamathe moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.

          

  2. mayacosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power.

          

  3. dharmaEthical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.

          

  4. asceticthe traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.

          

  5. brahminthe eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.