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Criminalistics Test 1

Fall 2011 - HFCC
STUDY
PLAY
Forensic science is the application of science to?
A) Criminal Law
B) Both criminal and civil laws
C) Speech making
D) Crime scene reconstruction
E) Civil laws
B) Both criminal and civil laws
Which area of science is involved in criminalistics?
A) Chemistry
B) Geology
C) Biology
D) Metallurgy
E) All of the above
E) All of the above
Who developed the system known as anthropometry?
A) Bertillion
B) Boaz
C) Gross
D) Goddard
E) Galton
A) Bertillion
Who undertook the first definitive study of fingerprints as a method of personal identification?
A) Lattes
B) Locard
C) Gross
D) Goddard
E) Galton
E) Galton
The oldest foresnic laboratory in the US is that of the
A) DEA
B) FBI
C) Los Angeles Police Department
D) NYC Police Department
E) Secret Service
C) Los Angeles Police Department
Approximately how many operating crime labs are there in the US (federal, state, country)?
A) 200
B) 250
C) 150
D) 300+
E) 75
D) 300+
Which unit has the responsibility for the examination of body fluids and organs for the presence of drugs and poisons?
A) trace evidence unit
B) toxicology unit
C) evidence collection unit
D) physical science unit
E) biology unit
B) toxicology
In the case of Daubert v. Marrell Dow Pharmaceutical, Inc., the US Supreme Court advocated that a "gatekeeper" determine the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence. The gatekeeper is:
A) prosecutor
B) jury
C) trial judge
D) court clerk
E) expert witness
C) trial judge
Which of the following is NOT true? An expert witness must be able to demonstrate:
A) skill in trade or profession of interest to the court
B) working knowledge of the subject matter
C) education in his/her area of expertise
D) significant experience in a relevant field
E) formal degree in forensic science
E) formal degree in forensic science
What is the LEAST important consideration in the gathering of evidence at a crime scene?
A) proper recognition of the evidence
B) guilt of the suspect(s)
C) completion of the chain of custody documents
D) competent collection of materials
E) adequate preservation of samples
B) guilt of the suspect
The first officer arriving at the crime scene, after providing or obtaining medical assistance for the injured and effecting an arrest of suspects (if possible), should immediately
A) secure the scene
B) photographs the scene
C) takes notes
D) search for evidence
E) make a rough sketch of the scene
A) secure the scene
The size and location of the crime scene as well as the events that occurred there will determine
A) the time at which the crime scene is searched
B) the amount of care that must be taken during the crime scene search
C) the kind of search pattern that is used to locate evidence
D) the kind of evidence that will be missing
E) the number of persons who will process the evidence at the crime lab
C) the kind of search pattern that is used to locate evidence
The purpose of the crime scene search is to locate
A) blood stain patterns
B) DNA-containing evidence
C) all physical evidence
D) fingerprinting evidence
E) none of the above
C) all physical evidence
The most basic methods of crime scene recording do NOT include
A) sketches
B) photographs
C) infrared analysis
D) narrated videotapes
E) note taking
C) infrared analysis
A rough sketch need NOT include a
A) compass heading designated north
B) location of walls, doors and windows in the building on scene
C) date, location, and time of the incident
D) location of all recovered physical evidence
E) sketch of the suspect(s)
E) Sketch of the suspect(s)
Which statement about note taking is NOT true?
A) Disposition of items after collection must be included
B) Note taking is done after all crime scene processing has been completed
C) The individual who packaged and marked items of evidence should be recorded
D) Notes should include location of physical evidence recovered
E) The date of the investigation should be recorded
B) Note taking is done after all crime scene processing has been completed
In digital photography, light is recorded as a specific charge on millions of tiny
A) charge coupled devices
B) pixels
C) silver halide grains
D) monitors
E) semi-conductors
B) pixels
Digital crime scene photographs require special measures to assure their admissibility in court due to
A) the ability to manipulate the images
B) the difficulty involved in compressing the file size
C) the inability to manipulate the images
D) their poor quality
E) the lack of availability of digital cameras
A) the ability to manipulate the images
From the choices below, select the one correct physical evidence collection procedure.
A) The victim's clothing should be obtained at the crime scene and vacuumed to obtain trace evidence
B) Bloodstained garments should be packaged separately in paper bags
C) Every item should be secured individually in a plastic bag to prevent contamination
D) Items recovered from scene of a murder should be sent along with the body to Medical Examiner
E) All items collected from the sam grid area should be packaged together
B) Bloodstained garments should be packaged separately in paper bags
The successful outcome of a criminal investigation is almost always directly related to
A) the number of people employed in the crime lab
B) the complexity of the crime
C) whether the crime is considered high profile
D) the volume of the physical evidence collected
E) the manner in which the evidence is collected and preserved
E) the manner in which the evidence is collected and preserved
The likelihood of finding class physical evidence is ___ the likelihood of finding physical evidence with individual characteristic
A) the same as
B) greater than
C) less than
B) greater than
Physical evidence is considered to have ___ as that of eyewitness (testimonial) evidence
A) less value
B) the same value
C) greater value
C) greater value
Evidence of tampering with the position of a body after death can be obtained by evaluating the
A) rigor mortis
B) algor mortis
C) livor mortis
D) both B & C
E) none of the above
C) livor mortis
A component of the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network is called
A) CODIS
B) IBIS
C) PDQ
D) A and B
E) A and C
B) IBIS
The examination of a paint chip found on a hit-and-run victim's garment side-b-side with paint removed from a vehicle suspected of being involved in the incident is an example of
A) taxonomy
B) classification
C) individualization
D) identification
E) comparison
E) comparison
The rate of cooling of a dead body can be influenced by all BUT the
A) size of body
B) exposure to direct sunlight
C) location
D) weather conditions
E) gender of the victim
E) gender of the victim
What part of a decedent's body resists rapid decomposition and is used by forensic anthropologists to provide information about the decedent?
A) cartilage
B) hair fragments
C) teeth
D) bones
E) soft tissue
D) bones
Evidence having class characteristics can
A) link a person to a crime with high degree of certainty
B) exonerate an innocent suspect
C) have no evidential value
D) always be fitted together in the manner of jigsaw puzzle
E) none of the above
B) exonerate an innocent suspect
If a cause of death cannot be found through simple observation of the victim, a(n) ___ is typically carried out
A) anthropological profile
B) drug screening
C) facial reconstruction
D) autopsy
E) crime scene investigation
D) autopsy
___ is a national fingerprint and criminal history system maintained by the FBI and launched in 1999
A) PDQ
B) IAFIS
C) AFIS
D) SICAR
E) NIBIN
B) IAFIS
The basic metric unit for volume is the
A) millileter
B) gram
C) liter
D) centimeter
E) kilogram
C) liter
The weight 264.45 grams can be correctly expressed as
A) .26445 kg
B) 26445 dg
C) 26.445 cg
D) none of the above
E) all of the above
A) .26445 kg
One milliliter of a liquid is ___ 1 cc of the same liquid
A) less than
B) greater than
C) the same as
D) none of the above
C) the same as
The heating intensity (hotness) of water at 100C is ___ the heat intensity of water at 212F
A) less than
B) the same as
C) greater than
B) the same as
The freezing point of water in Fahrenheit is ___ the freezing point of water
A) the same as
B) greater than
C) less than
B) greater than
The effect of gravity on the weight of an object is ___ the effect of gravity on the mass of the same object
A) greater than
B) less than
C) the same as
C) the same ass
The technology of DNA typing had its beginnings in 1985 with the work of
A) Henry Lee
B) James Watson
C) John Butler
D) Francis Crick
E) Alec Jeffreys
E) Alec Jeffreys
The building blocks of the DNA molecule are known as
A) hydrocarbons
B) purines
C) nucleotides
D) amino acids
E) polysaccharides
C) nucleotides
DNA is a(n)
A) enzyme
B) protein
C) sugar
D) starch
E) polymer
E) polymer
Information from the Human Genome Project
A) help to reveal the role and implications of evolution
B) aid in understanding the underlying causes of cancer
C) be useful for diagnosing a treating genetic diseases
D) reveal the location of a gene on a particular chromosome
E) all of the above
E) all of the above
In which hereditary disease does abnormal hemoglobin differs from normal hemoglobin by only a single amino acid?
A) hemophilia
B) cystic fibrosis
C) albinism
D) sickle-cell anemia
E) phenylketonuria
D) sickle-cell anemia
PCR is a technique that:
A) virtually eliminates operator error from DNA analysis
B) provides a statistical analysis of the nitrogenous-base pairing
C) can produce many exact copies of segments of DNA
D) produces information regarding the sequence of nitrogenous bases
E) all of the above
C) can produce many exact copies of segments of DNA
The PCR technique requires the use of a thermal cycler to
A) copy DNA
B) hydrolyze polymerase
C) synthesize protein
D) analyze the sequence of bases
E) make probes radioactive
A) copy DNA
The molecular structure of DNA was deduced by
A) Gregor Mendel
B) Francis Crick
C) James Watson
D) Linus Pauling
E) both B and C
E) both B(Crick) and C(Watson)
Means to detect the amelogenin gene are included in commercial STR kits used in crime labs because the gene allows determination of:
A) gender
B) blood type
C) ethnicity
D) eye color
E) age
A) gender
CODIS is a nation system of
A) standards for forensic science evaluators
B) computers to track the movement of sex offenders released from prison
C) vastly enhanced 911 emergency systems
D) shared databases of DNA typing information from convicted felons and crime scene evidence
E) crime laboratory directors
D) shared databases of DNA typing information from convicted felons and crime scene evidence
Small amounts of blood are best submitted to a crime lab:
A) in a druggist fold
B) after dried
C) after removal from surface of deposition and rehydration
D) after drying and rehydrating
E) immediately while still wet
B) after dried
How should blood-containing clothes from a victim be packaged?
A) in an airtight metal container
B) in breathable paper after blood has dried
C) in an airtight clear plastic container
D) in breathable paper while blood is still wet
E) in a metal paint can
B) in breathable paper after blood has dried
What type of lens is used for general crime scene photographs?
A) Wide Angle
B) Normal
C) Telophoto
B) Normal
One a through the lens light meter which symbol indicates an underexposed shot?
A) +
B) 0
C) -
D) u
C) -
True or False? It is always best to use the crime scene camera in the fully automatic mode.
False
Bracketing refers to:
A) Placing the flash on the bracket attached to the camera
B) Supporting the camera before shooting a low light shot
C) Taking multiple shot and changing the exposure
Taking multiple shot and changing the exposure
What is an easy and cheap way to protect a camera in a damp environment and still photographs the scene?
A) Place the camera in the case
B) Place the camera in a plastic bag and cut a hole for the end of the lens
C) Purchase a plastic encasement for the camera
D) Avoid damp scenes at all cost
B) Place the camera in a plastic bag and cut a hole for the end of the lens
In order to cover the xterior of a vehicle for general overall shots, what is the minimum number of photographs you can take?
A) 2
B) 4
C) 6
D) 10
A) 2
True or False? When photographing a fingerprint you should always include a scale for reference
True
True or False? It is never necessary to photograph a fingerprint prior to lifting it.
False
True or false? the larger the f/stop number the smaller the opening (iris).
True
True or false? The best location for a flash is on the camera directly over the lens.
False