How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

25 terms

Intro to Bones, Muscles, and Joints

STUDY
PLAY
Joints
connection between bones or cartilages
fibrous joint
joint that allows for minimal movement possible
syndesmosis
a fibrous joint where two bones are united by a sheet of fibrous tissue
cartilaginous joints
slightly moveable joints
synchondrosis
primary cartilaginous joints
primary cartilaginous joint
usually a temporary joint associated with growth
secondary cartilaginous joints
permanent, midline joints designed for strength
symphysis
secondary cartilaginous joints
synovial membrane
seperates and lubricates the articular cartilages
plane joints
permit gliding or sliding on a relatively flat surface
uniaxial joints
allow movement about one axis of rotation
superficial fascia
subcutaneous loose connective tissue which unites the deepest layer of the skin (dermis) to the deep fascia below it
deep fascia
dense connective tissue which invests structure deep to superficial fascia
deep fascia
divides limbs into compartments
tendon
tapering cord-like attachment from muscle to bone
aponeurosis
fibrous sheet-like attachment
raphe
union of muscle fibers in a tendinous line
origin
generally moves the least and is closer to the midline
insertion
generally moves the greatest distance and is further from the midline
prime mover
principal muscle involved in an action
agonist
prime mover
antagonist
muscle opposing a prime mover
synergist
compliments or assists prime movers
fixator
stabilizes a joint so movement can occur at another joint
flexor carpi ulnaris
prime flexor and adductor of the wrist