The Constitutional Convention 9/27/11 Chapter 5 Sec. 2
Terms in this set (9)
1- to overturn (p.138)
2- to forbid or prevent; to reject
The Great Compromise
There would be two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives would be decided by the state's population (proportional representation) and filled by popular vote.
The Senate would have two members elected by its state legislature. (This is equal representation.)
Three -fifths Compromise
All enslaved people would be counted but then the total would be multiplied by three-fifths.
System of Checks and Balances
Each of the 3 branches (executive, legislative and judicial) has some way to control and be controlled by the other two branches so that no one branch becomes too powerful.
a group of people chosen by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Identify James Madison
1- The most influential member of the Constitutional
Convention. He was called the "Father of the Constitution"
2- Young, looked like a boy when he was 37 yrs. old
3- He read books about history, government and law at night
4- He was more intelligent than others because he studied so much
What were James Madison's views of government?
He wanted a new government. He studied philosophy. He believed people are naturally selfish creatures. They do what they do because of their emotions and what they are interested in. He believed people could take control of themselves and with proper government, humans could make their world and themselves better. Constitutions established political structures that encouraged the best in people and controlled the bad things they wanted to do.
What were the differences between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
The Virginia Plan called for the creation of a bicameral national legislature (2 houses in a legislature). Each state would send representatives in proportion to the number of its citizens.
The New Jersey Plan proposed a unicameral (1 house) legislature in which every state would continue to have an equal vote.
How did the authors of the Constitution keep the people from directly electing the President?
They made the election of the president complicated. Voters were to choose electors to do their electing for them. Each state would have the same number of electoral votes to equal the number of members of Congress. Whoever got the most votes in the meeting of the electors (the Electoral College) would become President.
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