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25 terms

Latin America Vocabulary

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pampas
temperate grassland located in Argentina
llanos
tropical grassland located in Colombia and Venezuela
vertical zonation
when different vegetation grows at different elevations
NAFTA
trade agreement between the U.S., Mexico, and Canada
Inca
native group that lived in Peru and Chile
Maya
native group that built large cities with pyramids in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala
Aztec
native group that lived around modern Mexico City
mestizo
a person of mixed European and native ancestry
hacienda
large farm or ranch similar to a plantation owned by a rich landlord
ejido
land that is jointly owned by farmers
deforestation
when trees are cut down faster than they can grow back
subsistence farming
when someone grows just enough food to live
ring of fire
an area around the Pacific Ocean where many plates meet and earthquakes and volcanoes are common
cash crop
crops that are grown for export such as sugar and cotton
slash and burn
a method of farming where farmers cut down trees then burn them to fertilize the soil
archipelago
a group of islands
gaucho
a cowboy in Argentina
squatter settlement
areas in the city where people have illegally occupied the land and built poor houses
reggae
a type of music from Jamaica
atacama
a desert on the coast of Chile and Peru
andes
mountains that run from Colombia to Argentina
amazon
a river that runs through Brazil
sierra madres
mountains in Mexico
urbanization
when people move into cities
out migration
when people leave an area looking for jobs