100 terms

Lymphatic Drill and Theory

A combination of chapter 20 and 21 lecture reviews and 2 theory reviews. Will help with homework, lymphatic drill, and Theory.
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interstitial spaces
Where does lymph originally come from?
right lymphatic vein
recieves lymph from the right arm, right side of the thorax and right side fo the head and drains in to the __ ___ ___
thymosin
is a hormone
spleen
removes worn-out blood cells from circulation
subclavian veins
The right lymphatic duct and the thoracic duct empty into the:
cervical
lymph nodes that drain the head and neck region
Pharyngeal tonsils
aka: adenoids, structures located near the opening of the nasal cavity in the upper throat
inguinal lymph nodes
are located in the groin
right arm becomes edematous
What happens if the lymphatic vessels and nodes are removed from the right axillary region?
"hold water" and cause edema
If proteins are allowed to accumulate in the interstitial space, they will:
infectious mononucleosis
Which of the following is due to a viral infection involving the lymph nodes and is called the "kissing disease"?
tonsillectomy
What is the term that refers to the removal of the palatine tonsils?
a hyperactive spleen
What condition is most likely to cause a platelet deficiency.
thymus gland
Structure concerned with the processing and maturation of T lymphocytes.
thymus gland
This lymphoid organ is located in the ventral cavity, thoracic cavity, and mediastinum:
subclavian vein
This receives lymph from the large lymphatic ducts:
lymphoid organs
The spleen, thymus gland, tonsils, and lymph nodes are:
axillary lymph nodes
What are the lymphoid structures that are generally removed during mastectomy?
tonsils
partially encapsulated lymph nodes located in the throat area?
intestinal villus
A lacteal is located within the:
lymphocytes
B and T calls are:
wheezing and hypotension
What is the effect of a massive release of histamine?
anaphylaxis
What is the name of a severe hypersensitivity reaction?
NAA
You had measles as a child. What describes you immunity to measles?
antigen
An allergen is a:
A booster
increases antibodies to an antigen.
respiratory obstruction
A severe anaphylactic reaction causes death by:
epinephrine
What is the treatment of choice for an anaphylactic reaction?
B and T cells
Represent specific immunity:
inflammation
Redness, heat, swelling, and pain are indicative of:
phagocytosis
does not require a specific antigen.
antibodies
IgE, IgA, IgM, and IgG are
T
This cell engages in cell-to-cell combat.
B cells
Associated with plasma cells and antibodies:
plasma cells
Are most related to antibody-mediated immunity:
a macrophage
engulfs the pathogen to achieve "antigen presentation":
T Cells
are classified as killer, helper, suppressor, and memory?
killer T cells
Which of the T cells destroys pathogens by punching holes in their cell membrane and secreting lymphokines?
humoral immunity
Because antibodies are carried by the blood, this type of immunity is also called:
helper T cells
Which cells secrete a lymphokine that stimulates both T and B cells?
A vaccine
conveys active immunity:
memory T cells
These T cells do not participate in the destruction of the pathogen, but allow for a more rapid response if the antigen is presented at a later time:
T-4 cells
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) produces sever impairment of the immune system by attacking these cells.
infections
are most common in people with AIDS(acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
primary response
is most associated with a low plasma level of antibodies:
titer
What is the term that refers to the level of antibodies in your blood?
NAA
What indicates why you will not get the chickenpox as an adult if you were infected as a child?
histamine
Binding of the bee venom allergen to antibodies on the mast cells causes a massive release of which substance?
NAP
most related to the placental transfer of antibodies from the mother to the fetus?
immunization
What is the term that refers to the use of dead or attenuated pathogens to stimulate antibody production?
toxoid
What is the name of the toxin that has been altered so that it is harmless, yet still antigenic?
memory cells
The purpose of vaccination is to provide an initial exposure to an antigen to stimulate the formation of:
NAP
A breastfed infant is initially immune to the same diseases as her mom, What describes the infant's immunity?
contact dermatitis
What is characterized by a local tissue response to T cell activity?
causes the release of histamine
What is true of the activation of mast cells?
cervical
lymph nodes that drain the head and neck area?
lymph nodes
small pea-shaped structures that filter lymph as it flows through the lymphatic vessels.
subclavian veins
lymphatic ducts empty into the
tonsils
Palatine, Pharyngeal, and Lingual are:
reflexes
sneezing, coughing, and vomiting are examples of:
IgA
Secretion of exocrine glands is associated with:
mechanical barriers
Intact Skin and mucus membranes are examples of
cell-mediated immunity
What is the cell-to-cell contact by which T-cell directly attacks the antigen?
allergic reaction
Define anaphylactic shock:
Bronchocostriction
What is the respiratory effect of histamine?
Asymptomatic
first stage of HIV:
Symptomatic
second stage of HIV:
AIDS
third stage of HIV
opportunistic infection
Disease that takes the opportunity to cause infection in a individual whose immune system is depressed?
oncology
The study of the detection and treatment of tumors and cancerous growth:
muscle contraction
How does lymph move through the body?
cervical, axillary, and inguinal
The three areas that there is a heavy concentration of lymph nodes:
nodules, sinuses
Lymph nodes are made up of _________and___________.
Pharyngeal tonsils
also known as adenoids:
thymosin
hormone secreted by thymus gland to promote maturation of lymphocytes?
Blood
The spleen filters_________.
circulatory system
What system does the lymphatic system work closely with?
plasma, interstitium space
Lymph is formed from__________ at the____________ ____________.
water, protein
Lymph is composed mostly of___________, and is rich in____________.
Lymphodema
is the condition where the pt. has swelling and fluid filled extremities.
Heart
Lymph flow toward the_________.
Non-specific, specific
What are the two immunities your body has as defense mechanism to antigens?
neutrophils and monocytes
What blood cells are responsible for phagocytosis?
T cells, B cells
Lymphocytes divid into___________and________.
killer T
T-8 cell is:
helper T
T-4 cell is:
suppressor T
T-11 cell is:
Killer T cell
T-cell responsible for killing the pathogen:
short term
T-cell's memory are _______ ________.
long term
B-cell's memory are________ ________.
immunoglobulins
B-cells produce__________________(antibodies).
IgG
________ is effective against bacteria and viruses.
IgM
_________ is associated with RBC's.
autoimmunity
when the body attacks itself its called:
vaccination, immunization
____________or____________refers to the use of dead or attenuated pathogens to stimulate antibody production.
Naturally acquired active immunity
NAA is:
Naturally acquired passive immunity
NAP is:
Artificially acquired active immunity
AAA is:
Artificially acquired passive immunity
AAP is:
chemical barriers
Tears, Saliva, and perspiration are examples of: