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US History Chapter 14 Study Guide - Tessa Kaufmann
Terms in this set (30)
After World War I, both Italy and Japan expected more...
territory in exchange for their sacrifices during WW1
Which political party rose to power in Germany during the 1930s?
The Nazi Party
One of the ways that Mussolini maintained his power in Italy was by...
outlawing political parties
The League of Nations did not prevent German and Italian aggression against other nations because it...
had no standing army and no real power to enforce its decrees
Roosevelt delivered his "Four Freedoms" speech to who and why?
increase economic support for Britain
Interventionists believed that providing aid to Britain would what?
keep the United States out of war
Who appeared to be winning the war in Europe at the end of 1940?
Germany and Italy
How did support for the Allies change following Roosevelt's reelection in 1940?
Support increased; Congress approved the Lend-Lease Act
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to do what?
destroy ships and planes that could stop their expansion
Which ships survived the attack on Pearl Harbor untouched?
After declaring war, the United States government converted what to what?
(peacetime industries to..) wartime industries
After the United States declared war, the nation's economic situation did what?
Theory of government in which one person or party controls all aspects of life.
He was the German dictator.
Document that strengthened the alliance between the United States and Britain
The German word for "lightning war".
British leader who said that Nazi, aggression threatened all democracies.
Germany's peaceful union with Austria was called what?
This was signed by the Axis Powers
What was the army auxiliary corps for women called?
Women's Army Corps (WAC)
The General (Prime Minister) who staged a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor
United States commander of forces in the South Pacific
How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically?
Germans eventually believed that Hitler could solve their problems
How did Japan attempt to recover from the Great Depression?
Japan seized in control of resources in other countries
What impact did the appeasement policy have on German aggression?
it encourages further aggression
The Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed nations at war to buy arms and other supplies from the U.S. as long as...
those nations paid cash and transported the materials themselves
Interventionists claimed that the United States could avoid war if it did what?
sent aid to Britain
What the U.S. did that was perceived as being equal to declaring economic war against the Axis Powers?
the Lend-Lease Act (1941)
What goal did FDR hope to achieve when he enacted the embargo on naval and aviation supplies in 1940?
stop Japanese expansion
What role did the Office of War Mobilization play during the war?
it supervised the use of industry resources
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