Biology (Miller/Levine) Chapter 18 Classification; Section 18-1 Finding Order in Diversity
Terms in this set (12)
Why do biologists use a classification system to study the diversity of life?
to group them in a logical manner
The science of classifying organisms and assigning them universally accepted names
Why is it confusing to refer to organisms by common names?
different common names for same animal from one country to another, sometimes even within the same country
Early efforts at naming organisms (true or false):
--Names were usually in English.
--Names often described detailed physical characteristics of a species.
--Names could be very long.
--It was difficult to standardize the names.
The two-word naming system developed by Linnaeus
Binomial nomenclature (true or false):
--The system is no longer in use today.
--Each species is assigned a two-part scientific name.
--The scientific name is always written in italics.
--The second part of the scientific name is capitalized.
What is the genus of the grizzly bear, Ursus arctos?
In binomial nomenclature, the first term and second terms refer to which talons?
First term: Genus
Second term: Species
A group or level of organization in taxonomy
The largest taxonomic category in Linnaeus's system of classification is the ______, and the smallest is the _______.
What two kingdoms did Linnaeus name?
Animalia and Plantae
Taxonomic categories from largest to smallest:
(Mnemonic: King Philip Came Over For Good Soup)