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62 terms

Animal and Plant Cells

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Nucleus
This organelle is the control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and DNA.
DNA
What do you call the genetic material found inside of the nucleus?
Nucleolus
This organelle is located in the nucleus and is made up of RNA and protein.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
This structure contains ribosomes and is the passageway from the nucleus that transports proteins throughout the cell.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
This structure does not contain ribosomes and is the passageway from the nucleus that transports lipids (fats) throughout the cell.
Ribosomes
These organelles put together proteins for the cell. They can be found on the rough ER or suspended in the cytoplasm.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
What does the abbreviation "RER" stand for?
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
What does the abbreviation "SER" stand for?
RER
What is the abbreviation for the rough endoplasmic reticulum?
SER
What is the abbreviation for the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?
Vacuole
This expanding and contracting organelle stores water, nutrients, and wastes. It is usually bigger in plant cells than in animal cells.
Plant cells
Is the vacuole bigger in plant cells or in animal cells?
Golgi Body
This organelle packages and ships out proteins and lipids. Lipids are fats.
Lysosome
This small round organelle is involved in digestion. It is sometimes called the suicide sac because if it ever explodes the powerful digestive enzymes inside will break down the cell.
suicide sac
The lysosome is sometimes called a "__________ __________".
Mitochondria
This organelle uses oxygen to break down glucose to supply the cell with energy.
Cell Membrane
This enclosing structure holds the cell together and controls what moves into and out of the cell.
Cytoplasm
This is the clear-like substance that contains all the living material within the cell.
Nuclear Membrane
This is a membrane that surrounds the nucleus and allows certain substances to flow into and out of the nucleus.
Centrioles
This organelle forms spindle fibers during cell division and can usually be found in pairs at right angles to each other.
Golgi Apparatus
What is another name for the "Golgi Body"?
Cell Wall
This is the tough, nonliving outer layer of each plant cell. It gives the cell shape, strength, and support.
Chloroplast
This organelle contains the green pigment chlorophyll and traps in sunlight, which is used during the process of photosynthesis.
Cilia
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "A" pointing to?
Lysosome
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "B" pointing to?
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "C" pointing to?
Nucleus
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "D" pointing to?
Centrioles
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "E" pointing to?
Cell Membrane
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "F" pointing to?
Ribosomes
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "G" pointing to?
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "H" pointing to?
Nucleolus
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "I" pointing to?
Mitochondria
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "J" pointing to?
Cytoplasm
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "K" pointing to?
Golgi Body
In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "L" pointing to?
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "A" pointing to?
Ribosomes
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "B" pointing to?
Nucleus
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "C" pointing to?
Nucleolus
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "D" pointing to?
Chloroplast
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "E" pointing to?
Vacuole
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "F" pointing to?
Mitochondria
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "G" pointing to?
Cytoplasm
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "H" pointing to?
Cell Membrane
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "I" pointing to?
Cell Wall
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "J" pointing to?
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "K" pointing to?
Golgi Body
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "L" pointing to?
Lysosome
In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "M" pointing to?
Cell Wall
A cellulose layer that surrounds the plasma membrane of plant cells. This structure protects and supports the plant cell.
Cell Membrane
The living membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of plant and animal cells. It acts as a gatekeeper, controlling the movement of material into and out of the cell.
Cytoplasm
The fluid area of the cell in which nutrients are absorbed, transported, and processed, and wastes are stored until proper disposal can be carried out.
Chloroplast
The plant cell structure containing molecules of a green pigment called chlorophyll. Using energy obtained from sunlight, chlorophyll synthesizes carbohydrates (plant food) from water and carbon dioxide.
Vacuole
A membrane bound, fluid-filled space in plant and animal cells that can store food, water, and waste material.
Golgi Body
A series, or stack, of flattened, membrane-bound sacs involved in the storage, modification, and secretion of proteins and lipids. These sacs are abundant in secretory cells, such as cells of the pancreas.
Mitochondria
Membrane-bound organelle and the site of aerobic respiration and ATP (adenosine triphosphate) production. Energy from the step-by-step oxidation of glucose, called the Krebs or citric cycle, is used to produce molecules of ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Ribosomes
Organelle sites of protein synthesis. Ribosomes are composed of large and small subunits separated by a central groove.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
A complex system of membrane-bound channles extending throughout the cytoplasm of the cells. It is studded with attached ribosomes on the side of the membrane that faces the cytoplasm. Endoplasmic reticulum is often abbreviated ER.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
A complex system of membrane-bound channels extending throughout the cytoplasm of cells. It does not contain attached ribosomes.
Nucleus
The cell structure in plant and animal cells that contains the genetic material and directs many of the cell's activities.
Nucleolus
Dark-stained body within the nucleus where ribosomal RNA (ribonucleic acid) is synthesized. Metabolically active cells, such as onion root tip cells, are likely to have several nucleoli.
Genetic Material
The material within the nucleus that contains hereditary or genetic information called genes. Genes are made of molecules known by the name DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
Centrioles
Non-membrane organelles that occur in pairs just outside the nucleus of animal cells. Each of these organelles is composed of a cylinder, or ring, of 9 sets of microtubule triplets. These organelles play a role in cell division.