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20 terms

MORE BIOLOGY VIRUS & BACTERIA REVIEW

STUDY
PLAY
EUBACTERIA
CELLS WALLS HAVE PEPTIDOGYLCAN
ARCHAEBACTERIA
CELL WALLS WITHOUT PEPTIDOGLYCAN
THERMOACIDOPHILES
ARCHAEBACATERIA THAT LIVE IN HOT, ACIDIC ENVIRONMENTS
HALOPHILES
ARCHAEBACTERIA THAT LIVE IN VERY SALTY ENVIRONMENTS
METHANOGENS
ARCHAEBACTERIA THAT ARE OBLIGATE ANEROBES, WHICH MEANS THEY CANNOT LIVE IN THE PRESENCE OF OXYGEN. THEY USE CARBON DIOXIDE
PROKARYOTES
ARE MICROSCOPIC UNICELLULAR ORGANISMS
BINARY FISSION
ASEXUAL REPDUCTION USED BY PROKARYOTES
CONJUGATION
TYPE OF REPRODUCTION WHEN TWO PROKARYOTES ATTACH TO EACH OTHER AN EXCHANGE GENETIC INFORMATION
HETEROTROPHIC BACTERA
CANNOT SYNTHESIZE THEIR OWN FOOD
SAPROTROPHS
THEY GET THEIR ENERGY BY DECOMPOSING ORGANIC MOLECULES ASSOCIATED WITH DEAD ORGANISMS OR ORGANIC WASTE
PHOTOAUTOTROPHS
THEY ARE PHOTOSYNTHETIC AUTOTROPHS; THEY CARRY OUT PHOTOSYNTHESIS LIKE PLANTS; THEY NEED LIGHT TO MAKE THEIR ENERGY
CHEMOAUTOTROPHS
AUTOTROPHS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE LIGHT TO MAKE THEIR ENERGY; THEY BREAKDOWN & CREATE RELEAST INOGANIC COMPOUNDS THAT CONTAIN NITROGEN OR SULFUR.
AEROBES
BACTERIA THE NEED OXYGEN TO GROW
ANAEROBIC
BACTERIA THAT DO NOT NEED OXYGEN
ENDODORPH
A DORMANT CELL THAT SOME BACTERIA PRODUCE WHEN THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS GET HARSH; THIS SURROUNDS THEM UNTIL THINGS GET BETTER
PATHOGEN
a virus or organism that can cause disease
VIRUS
NONLIVING STRAND OF GENETIC MATERIAL WINTHIN A PROTEIN COAT
HOST CELL
IN ORDER TO REPLICATE, A VIRUS MUST ENTER THIS TYPE OF CELL
RETROVIRUS
A VIRUS THAT HAS RNA INSTEAD OF DNA
PRION
A PROTEIN THT CAN CAUSE INFECTION ORDISEASE