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A study of the past


The history of humans before the development of writing

Modern archaeology

A modern science which uses careful archaeological methods and observations

Classic archaeology

An earlier view of archaeological finds when gold and other riches were the focus for archaeological digs


The oldest form of scientific dating - tree ring dating


The surroundings in which an artifact is found in

In site

The natural or original location on artifact was found in

Aerial photography

Photographs taken from the air or high altitude witch may reveal signs of ancient towns, roads, tombs, and monuments both above and below the ground

A dig

A carefully planned and organized investigation

Underwater dig

locating and excavating underwater remains; archaeologists go underwater to search for important objects; sometimes called marine archaeology

Rescue dig

archaeologists try to gather as much information as possible in a short time to rescue artifacts from a site


The set of learned beliefs, values and behaviors generally shared by members of a society

Cultural relativism

Studying other cultures without making judgments about them


The attitude that one's traditions, customs, language, and values are the only right and proper way and that other cultures are inadequate or wrong

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