World Chpt. 2 Test (From Quizzes)
Terms in this set (40)
What is a complex system of writing, meaning "sacred writings", that is made up of pictures and more abstract forms?
What is a part of a large complex of buildings dedicated to the dead?
A way in which dead bodies of wealthy Egyptians were preserved from the time of the Old Kingdom.
The title of Egyptian monarch who possessed absolute power.
An administrative organization with officials and regular procedures that helped run the government.
Egyptian history is divided into three major periods, known as the...
Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms
The development of Egyptian civilization was influenced most powerfully by...
the Nile River
The Egyptians developed an accurate 365-day calendar by basing their year on...
the movements of the moon and the star Sirius
Religion provided the Egyptians with a sense of security, and Egyptian rulers were viewed as...
earthly forms of the sun god Re
During the time of the Middle Kingdom...
Egypt experienced a golden age of stability and expansion
Migrating groups who domesticated animals for food, shelter, and clothing and who also helped spread language, goods, and technology.
Religious teachers whose words became a source of ideals for social justice as they condemned the rich for causing the poor to suffer.
Traders who lived in a narrow strip of land along the eastern Mediterranean coast and devised an alphabet with 22 different characters representing sounds.
A distinct group organized in tribes that established the religion of Judaism, which later influenced both Christianity and Islam.
A rich civilization that built an enormous palace at Knossos on the island of Crete
Minoan civilization may have suddenly disappeared because...
Of a great tidal wave as a result of a volcanic eruption or an invasion by the Myaceans from Greece
The Phoenicians sailed to Africa to trade because they wanted...
The Hittites were the first Indo-Europeans to...
Use iron weapons
The Phoenicians produced a number of goods for foreign markets, including purple dye, glass, and...
The Jews believed that God had made a contract with them, called a ...
The first major religion that would spread worldwide and lay the foundation for other major religions was...
Indo-European written language that developed in the Indus Valley around 1000 B.C.
Descendants of the Indus Valley people
Carefully planned ancient cities of the Indus River valley that flourished for hundreds of years
Harappa and Mohenjo-daro
The highest mountains in the world, found in the far north of India
Rich soil to grow wheat, parley, and peas in the Indus Valley resulted from...
the annual flooding of the Indus River
The introduction of what advancement allowed the Indus civilization to succeed in farming.
Public wells for supplying water to city residents, an advanced drainage system, and a system of garbage disposal in Indus Valley cities are indications of...
an organized government
Harappan rulers based their power on...
a belief in divine assistance
The most visible symbol of men's dominance in the Indian culture- a ritual that required a wife to throw herself on her dead husband's funeral pyre- was called...
Duty to rule the "proper" way- keep the gods happy and protect the people from natural disaster
The second Chinese dynasty, which was mostly a farming society but was also concerned with warfare.
The duty of members of a family to subordinate their needs and desires to those of the male head of the family.
River that deposits a rich yellow silt good for farming
Huang He River
The longest-lasting Chinese dynasty, which ruled for almost 800 years and claimed it possessed the Mandate of Heaven to rule
On their northern and western frontiers, the Chinese people were isolated from people in other parts of Asia by
Mountains and deserts
In the northern frontier of ancient China, conflicts arose between the Chinese and the...
Nomadic peoples (ex. Mongolians)
During the Shang dynasty, the class of people that owned the land and waged war were the...
The basic social unit in ancient China was the...
A basic principle of Chinese government, which allows a revolution to overthrow and replace a corrupt ruler is called
the Mandate of Heaven