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20 terms

CLA 30 Unit One Word List

Classics 30 Word Roots Greek and Latin Word List of key terms and new words from Unit One
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allomorphs
variant forms of morphemes
analyze
break down (break down words made up of 2 morphemes)
Anglo-Saxon
German tribes invaded Britain (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) -> then spoke Anglo-Saxon from 400-1000 CE
base
morpheme to which a prefix is added
borrowings
words that are derived from Latin or Greek or other languages
content word
words usually derived from Greek or Latin; has a clear, concrete definition
derivative
borrowed word
empty morpheme
has no clear meaning
etymology
origin of the word
full morpheme
a meaning can be assigned to it
function word
short words which serve as cement to hold the content words together; difficult to provide meaning for many of these words
intensifying morpheme
makes the word stronger
Middle English
1100-1500 CE; begins with end of Norman Conquest (1000 CE)
morphemes
minimum units of meaning within a word
obsolete
no longer in use
Old English
aka Anglo-Saxon (400-1100 CE); greatly influenced by Norse (Vikings) language; derived from German invading tribes
prefix
morpheme that comes at the front of a word
structure
the way a language is put together
suffix
morpheme at end of a word
word order
structure depends on function words (by, the, with, and, etc) and word order (to give context/specific meaning)