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issue advocacy

groups that don't use vote for or vote against while campaigning. dedicating to advancing specific interests through political process. example: as defined by S.C. contributed to parties


term used to refer to political parties and special interest groups; made by james madison. example: democrat

interest group

collection of people who share common interest or attitude and want to influence government on specific topics. example: common use


body of people interested in a common issue taking action. example: devolution revolution

open shop

company with labor agreements so union membership isn't required by employment. example: some state laws permit this

closed shop

requirement to join union to work in a company. example: all employees at kroger are in a union.

free rider

person who doesn't join an interest group but receives benefits from what the group achieves. example: common in an open shop.

federal register

official document published daily that lists new and proposed regulations of department and repulatory agendas. example: newspaper

amicus curiae brief

presents arguments by individuals. example: friend of the court


activities aimed to influence officials actions. example: Thirdhouse


person who is employed by a political party and acts to influence officials to their opinion. example: salesman

revolving door

employment cycle with working in turn for government and interest groups. example: social worker; governor becoming lawyer

iron triangle

mutually supporting between interest groups, congressional committees, and government agencies

political action committee (PAC)

political arm of interest group-legally entitled to raise funds from donations. example: COPE


tactic of PAC to collect money and present to candidate. example: present to speaker

soft money

unlimited contributions to a state or local party. example: PAC's

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