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56 terms

Anthropology

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Olduwan
early pebble tools and flakes. site Olduvai. basal paleolithic homo habilis
Acheulean
handaxe flakes
Zhoukoudian
Peking man, homo erectus, stone tools found no hand axes
Knapping
reduction process to create flakes
Lower Paleolithic
olduwan, acheulean, clactonian, control of fire, cold weather adaptations begin, homo habilis, homo erectus
Clactonian
Lower paleolithic, large flakes heavy retouching and notches, homo erectus
Multiregionalism
suggests that everything after homo erectus is homo sapiens, interbreeding
Out of Africa
widely accepted. two migrations, one by homo erectus, other by homo sapiens, homo erectus evolving into divergent lineages, mitochondrial evidence
Movius line
west stone tools and handaxes, east possible use of wooden tools and flakes
Paranthropus
evolutionary dead end
Australopithicus afarensis
1, 4mya, lucy, laetoli footprints
Australopithicus africanus
2, 3mya, taung child
Homo Habilis
3, 2mya
Homo Ergaster
4, 2mya
Homo Erectus
5, 1mya
Homo Hiedelbergensis
6, 1mya, lower paleolithic, Sima de los huesos, first hunters, schoningan spears
Homo Sapiens
7, present day
Homo Neanderthalensis
7, .5mya, first species ever found, mousterian, la chapelle aux saints (represented that they were taking care of elderly & injured) intentional shallow burial, couldnt speak yet, ate meat,
Possible Ancestors
Ardipithicus Ramidus
Australopithicus anemensis
Kenya
Sima de los huesos
pit of bones, 32 bodies found, 1st burial practice
Middle Paleolithic
Intentional treatment of dead, mouterian, last time one hominin species, used caves
Mousterian
Neanderthals, middle paleolithic, tool assemplages, levallois technique
Shanidar Cave
Iraq, head trauma, healed fractures
Upper paleolithic
migratory hunting and gathering populations, innovation of tools and weapons, compound tools and needles, blades
Cro-magnon
European AMH, credited with spectacular cave art, lez eyzies france
Chatelperronian
Levallois technique used, knives with blunt curved backs, stone tools
Aurignacian
oldest example of figurative art
Gravettian
Eastern European, mammoth hunting, similar to chatelperronian, may have been using nets
Perigordian
Western Europe, burins and points
Solutrean
Laurel leaf points, soft percussion flaking and retouching, highly specialized
Magdalenian
Bone, composite tools
Cave art
Lascaux, western europe, animal and hybrid drawings
Lake mungo
oldest cremation
Kennewick Man
projectile in hip and fractures
Upper Paleolithic
mega fauna dies out
Clovis Culture
Paleoindian occupation found at mega fauna kill sites, fluted points
monte verde
early paleoindian, south america, wood construction, small settlement
Mesolithic
Post glacial period, shift to sedentary lifestyle, use of marine resources, nuts and wild grains, intentional change to landscape, canoes appear, cemetaries, increase in violence
Sedentism
storage containers, microlithic tools, pit houses,
Jomon culture
marine resources, evidence of sedentary communities on japan
middens
prehistoric dumps
microliths
mesolithic hand scythes used to get grains
neolithic
domestication, sedentary lifestyle, pottery, social stratification,
Pastoralism
herding mobility
Horticulture
subsistence farming, slash and burn
Agriculture
surplus production
Southwest Asia
rye, figs, sheep, cattle, lentils, pigs, cats, barley, wheat, goats, camels
Africa
donkeys yams, sorghum wheat, oil palm
East Asia
rice, chickens
Mesoamerica
squash, maize
South America
squash, beans, chilis, llama, alpaca, peanuts, cotton, manioc, quinoa, potatoes, guinea, white
North America
goosefoot, marsh elder, lamb's quarters, gourds
Eglatarian
achieved status, band, tribes
Ranked
chiefdom,
Stratified Inherited
States