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34 terms

Physical Assessment

STUDY
PLAY
acute
begins abruptly with marked intensity
assessment
making an evaluation or appraisal of a patient's condition
auscultation
listening to sounds produced by the body
borborygmi
high pitched loud rushing bowel sounds
bruits
abnormal swishing sounds heard over organs, glands or arteries
chronic
Disease develops slowly and persist over long periods
crackles
fluid in the bronchioles and alveoli heard as crackling or bubbling on inspiration
disease
any disturbance of a stucture or function of the body
drainage
removal of fluids from a body cavity or wound.
dullness
percussion over a dense organ produces a thudlike sound
edema
swelling
erythema
redness
etiology
cause
exudate
fluid cells or other substances coming through pores or breaks in the skin
flatness
percussion over a muscle causing a soft high pitched flat sound
infection
invasion of microorganisms
inflammation
protective response of body tissues to irritation, injury or invasion by germs
inspection
purposeful observation
LOC
level of consciousness
neoplastic
abnormal growth of new tissue
objective data
signs seen by the nurse
subjective data
symptoms perceived by the patient
palpation
use of hands and sense of touch to gather information
percussion
use of fingertips to tap the body's surfact to produce vibration and sound
pruritus
itching
purulent
pus
signs
seen heard measured or felt
symptoms
pain, nausea, any sensation described by the patient
thrill
a vibrating sensation along an artery
turgor
Elasticity of the skin
tympany
drumlike sound over a hollow organ
wheezes
sounds produced by movement of air through narrowed passages in the traceobronchial tubes
sibilant
high pitched musical wheezes
sonorous
low pitched coarse gurgling or snoring