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APES CHAPTER 11
Terms in this set (30)
A steady diet of high calorie, low nutrition fast food may lead to
I and II
Industrial Agriculture has many benefits. Which of the following is NOT a benefit associated with industrial agriculture?
The ratio of energy input to calorie output is low
Typically, most of the energy subsidies in modern agriculture are in the form of
Mechanization of agriculture is advantageous for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
Machines encourage the growth of several types of plants in a single farm
Synthetic fertilizers have many advantages over traditional "organic" animal waste fertilizers. These include all of the following EXCEPT:
Highly concentrated when produced
Monocropping has a number of disadvantages. These include all of the following EXCEPT
Nutrition and pesticide needs should be similar throughout a single crop
The US accounts for about what percent of worldwide pesticide use?
After many years of applying the selective pesticide provironex, a farmer notices that the applications seem less effective. This is likely due to
The target species has begun to evolve resistance
Scientists have inserted a gene for the production of vitamin A into rice. This practice of changing the genetic structure of agricultural products to improve desirable traits is known as
Which areas of the world are most susceptible to desertification?
Areas adjacent to existing deserts
No till farming will most likely to lead to all of the following EXCEPT
Decrease in the use of herbicides
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is likely to use all of the following techniques EXCEPT
Increased use of traditional pesticides
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is especially successful in developing countries because
High-input industrial farming is not feasible because farmers lack financial resources
In the US, organic farming is regulated by
In order for organic farmers to make a profit (and thus be economically sustainable)
Consumers must be willing to pay higher costs associated with organic produce
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) make meat more economical, but may have some negative environmental impacts. These include all of the following EXCEPT
Increased use of land area over other types of animal farming
Marine fisheries are particularly susceptible to the tragedy of the commons because
Fish are highly migratory, so they don't belong to any one nation
Many scientists argue that worldwide fisheries are declining, yet the worldwide number of fish harvested continues to increase. What would best explain this discrepancy?
An increase in fishing technology and increased fishing effort are leading to an increase in catch despite the declining populations
Most coastal states require shrimping vessels to install T.E.D.s (Turtle Excluder Devices), which allow sea turtles to pass safely through the net, while still allowing the net to catch shrimp. This is an example of
A bycatch reduction device
According to the Environmental Defense Fund, which of the following fish are "best" choices for sustainability?
I. wild Alaskan salmon
II. Chilean sea bass
III. farmed rainbow trout
I and III
What is the general relationship between meat consumption and affluence
More affluent nations tend to consume more meat products
Worldwide, the largest component of the human diet is
Meat consumption in the US is generally about ____ % higher than the rest of the world
Per capita grain production worldwide increased dramatically until about ____. It has leveled since then and may actually be ____ slightly
The average food item in the US travels ____ km from harvest to table
Use Figure 11-1. Based on the above recommended daily allowances, which of the following categorical groups would require the largest caloric intake?
Young Men (NOT ADOLESCENT MALES)
Use Figure 11-1. In general, for females, caloric requirements ____ to age ____, then ____ until death.
Increase; 20; decrease
Use Figure 11-2. By about how much did aquaculture increase from 1980 to 2000?
30 million metric tons
Use Figure 11-2. Between which years did global fish production increase the most?
1960 and 1970
Use Figure 11-3. If you input a total of 3,000,000 calories of energy into small-scale corn farming, about how many calories of food will you produce?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APES CHAPTER 10 MC
APES Unit 3 Group Quiz
APES Chapters 10 & 11 Test Review
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