16 terms

Science Olympiad: MD: Viral Diseases

Science Olympiad, Microbial diseases, viral diseases
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Terms in this set (...)

AIDS
Name: acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Transmission: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through sex or by contaminated blood
Symptoms: ineffective immune system, opportunistic infections, neurological diseases, cancerous growths
Treatment: none
Chicken Pox & Shingles
Name: varicella zoster virus (VZV)/ Herpes zoster
Transmission: airborne (someone infected coughs or sneezes), mostly children
Symptoms: vesicular skin rash, pockmarks, fever, aches
Treatment: vaccination, difficult to treat
Common Cold
Name: Rhinovirus
Transmission: contact, airborne
Symptoms: respiratory infection, nasal congestion, headache, fatigue
Treatment: over-the counter medication to reduce symptoms
Dengue Fever
Name: dengue virus
Transmission: mosquito
Symptoms: fever, joint pain, skin rash, 'breakbone fever'
Treatment: rehydration and fluids, no vaccine, control environment of exposure
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
Name: Ebola virus
Transmission: animals, sex
Symptoms: fever, inflammation of pharynx, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain
Treatment: none, vaccine available
Hepatitis
Name: hepatitis virus
Transmission: toxins (alcoholism or drug abuse)
Symptoms: yellowing of whites of eyes and skin (jaundice), inflammation of liver, fever, vomiting, headache
Treatment: liver transplant, none
Influenza
Name: Orthomyxoviriade RNA viruses
Transmission: airborne
Symptoms: fever, headache, cough, chills, sore throat
Treatment: over the counter medications, rest, M2 inhibitors, good hygiene
Measles
Name: Rubeola virus, Moribillivirus
Transmission: airborne
Symptoms: fever, cough, rash
Treatment: none, vaccine
Mumps
Name: mumps virus, pariotitis
Transmission: contact with infected saliva
Symptoms: swelling of salivary glands
Treatment: none, vaccine
Mononucleosis
Name: Epstein-Barr virus, herpes virus
Transmission: contact with infected saliva
Symptoms: enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, fatigue
Treatment: none, rest
Polio
Name: Poliomyelitis
Transmission: oral-oral, fecal-oral
Symptoms: swelling of spinal nerve cells, paralysis
Treatment: vaccine, none
Rabies
Name: Rabies virus
Transmission: animals
Symptoms: encephalitis (swelling of the brain), uncontrolled violent movements, hydrophobia
Treatment: post-exposure prophylaxis
Rubella
Name: Rubella virus
Transmission: airborne
Symptoms: 'german measles', spreading rash, flu-like symptoms
Treatment: none
Small pox
Name: Variola
Transmission: airborne
Symptoms: blisters on skin, rash, flu-like symptoms
Treatment: vaccine, none
West Nile Fever
Name: west nile virus
Transmission: mosquitos
Symptoms: fever, body aches, rash, nausea, vomiting
Treatment: none
Yellow Fever
Name: Flaviviridae virus
Transmission: mosquito
Symptoms: fever, headache, bleeding
Treatment: vaccine, none
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