tools of the poet's trade
a use of language that gives more meaning a depth; not literal
definitions can sometimes overlap
the dictionary meaning of a word
a second meaning; the implied or associative meaning of a word
representation of sensory experiences through language; words that create mental images in the mind of the reader
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible; something that stands for more than what it is
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
a comparison between two unlike objects without using like or as
words that sound like what they mean
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
the opposite of exaggeration: It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
variations of emphasis and sound qualities to give musical flow to words
a way of placing emphasis on words and symbols that create a repetive rhythm
recurring at regular intervals
a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables
a metrical unit with stressed-stressed-unstressed syllables
metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm noun
the emotional coloring of a piece of work
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
Ex. "he used sarcasm to upset his opponent"; "irony is wasted on the stupid"; "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"--
substitution of an inoffensive term for one that is offensive
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
Ex. "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to depict something that happened at an earlier time
a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
not loud, bright, noticeable or obvious in any way
inconsistencies; things that don't seem to go together
a line of poet verse consisting of ten syllables group into five iamb.
a four line stanza; a grouping of four lines
a six line stanza; a grouping of six lines
a eight line stanza; a grouping of eight lines
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
a two line stanza
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part
(in poetry) extravagant metaphor; a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
rhyme within a line
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
a narrative song with a recurrent refrain
a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
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