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26 terms

Ancient Greek People

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Miltiades
Leader of Athenian forces at the Battle of Marathon
Pheidippides
Ran from Athens to Sparta and back again
Darius
The king of Persia who lost at Marathon
Leonidas
Spartan king who was defeated at Thermopylae
Xerxes
The Persian king who attacked Athens at Salamis
Themistocles
Athenian general who built 200 Triremes
Pericles
Athenian statesman who led during the Golden Age
Socrates
Philosopher: Questioned people to find the truth
Plato
Philosopher: Wrote dialogues
Aristotle
Philosopher: Student of Plato, Alexander's teacher
Alexander
"The Great"; conquered the entire known world
Aristarchus
Astronomer: The earth revolves around the sun
Euclid
The "Father of Geometry" who wrote "The Elements"
Archimedes
Inventor & Mathematician who worked with levers and pulleys
Hippocrates
"Father of Modern Medicine"
Homer
Wrote the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey"
Herodotus
Historian: Persian War - "The Histories"
Thucydides
Historian: "The History of the Peloponnesian War"
Sophocles
Playwright: wrote Tragedies with Euripides
Aristophanes
Playwright: wrote Comedies
Phidias
The architect of the Parthenon
Lycurgus
Spartan king who created a military state
Draco
Harsh & cruel lawgiver of Athens
Solon
"The Lawgiver" of ancient Athens
Pisistratus
A well-like tyrant in Athens
Cleisthanes
"Council of 500" and new Athenian constitution