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James Hargreaves

invented the "Spinning Jenny"

James Watt

invented the steam engine

spinning wheel

first landmark of the industrial revolution

George Stephenson

made the North Star Model locomotive

North Star Model locomotive

results in the railroad

Crystal Palace

symbolic landmark for the completion of the Industrial Revolution

discovery of the laws

Enlightenment was about the _______.

John Locke

argues the state of nature or natural liberty


checks and balances


government in 3 parts


individual liberty by legal institutions


claimed God has no will


about civil liberty


said "man is born free and everywhere he is in chains"

Adam Smith

about economic liberty

Adam Smith

Writes "The Wealth of Nations"

Adam Smith

the "Father of Economics"


trade as a source of wealth

John Stuart Mill

writes "On Liberty"

John Stuart Mill

Representative legislation/ minority

John Stuart Mill

women's right to vote

Das Kapital

profit making is the slave of money and free competition results in lower wages and unemployment

Private property

Marx thought was a parasitic capitalist class


working class

Origin of Species

4 ideas: organic evolution, struggle for existence (food), survival of the fittest, natural selection

Charles Darwin

wrote the Descent of Man

Social Darwinism

"white man's burden" and provided theoretical foundations of Western Imperialism

French Revolution

clearly defined modern democracy idea

French Revolution

clearly said private property is an "inviolable and sacred right"


believe in one god


believe in many gods

French East India company

have top-down approach

Top-down Approach

befriend Mughal state

Bottom-up Approach

befriend Hindu states

Robert Clive

person associated with "Black hole of Calcutta"

Battle of Plassey

battle where British bribe the sepoy general to win

Company Rule

Agent system where Mughal king "hires" Britain to collect taxes, etc.

Aborted Modernization

Britain is blamed for India's failure to be able to modernize


pro how Indian education is without Britain


pro British help regarding Indian education


widow burning

Industrial Capitalism

motive behind white man's burden

Henry Stanley

gets entire Congo valley for King Leopold II

Berlin International Conference

where everyone agreese to recognize Congo as territory

Effective occupation

have to show you can control land

Notice of Intent

Have to let rest of European powers know you want land

Dred Scott Decision

decided descendants of slaves are not citizens and owners can reclaim runaway slaves

13th amendment

prohibits slavery

14th amendment

grants citizenship to former slaves

15th amendment

said former slaves have teh right to vote

Andrew Carnegie

iron and steel industry

John D Rockefeller


J.P. Morgan



transcontinental railroad

Thomas Edison

electric engineering


native born/ wealthy land owners


Iberian born/ officials, officers, and businessmen


associated with the liberation of Latin America


dictator of Grand Columbia

Porifiro Diaz

Mexican President who proposed the slogan "liberty, order, progress" and was president for 11 terms

Hang Xiuquan

organized society of God worshipers

Taiping rebellion

attempt at creating heavenly kingdom on earth

Sino- Japanese War

Japan defeats Chinese navy at Yellow Sea

Treaty of Shimono seki

China recognizes Korea's "independence"

Anti-Suogunate rebellion

proposes sonno joi ("to honor the emperor and expel the barbarians")


men of high purpose

Feudalism/ "Dual authorities"

emperor is figurehead, shogun rules in actuality on behalf of the emperor

Treaty of Kanagawa

opens 2 ports for American ships and permits American consulate

Hundred Days Reform

China learns western education system, adopts western military system, and promotes private sector of economy

opium, prostitution, bound feet

3 "evils"

Emperor party

reform minded party

Empress party

conservative minded officials

Ottoman Empire

called "Gunpowder empire"


military slaves


civil service slaves


Islamic priests


had absolute power in Ottoman empire

Selim II

"the drunken Sultan"

Non Turks

those in Ottoman empire who wanted to keep independence

Colonel Mustafa Kernal (Ataturk)

gains Ottoman independence by defeating Greece

Latin alphabet

called "The Mandate System"

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