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Forms the central supporting axis of the body; skull, auditary ossicles, hyoid bone, vertebral column and thoracic cage (ribs and sternum)
Includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle along with the bones of the lower limb and pelvic girdle
Plate-like extension of the spine on the scapula; forms apex of the shoulder, articulates with the clavicle - sole point of attachment of the scapula and the upper limb to the rest of the skeleton
Process on the scapula that provides attachment for tendons of the biceps brachii and other arm muscles; shaped like a bent finger
Shallow socket of the scapula that articulates with the head of the humerus to form the glenohumeral joint
Proximal Row: Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrium, Pisiform
Distal Row: Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate
Proximal Row: Calcaneous, Talus, Navicular
Distal Row: Cuboid, Medial Cuneiform, Intermediate Cuneiform, Lateral Cuneiform
7 Cervical,12 Thoracic, 5 Lumbar, 5 Fused Sacral, 4 Fused Coccygeal
5 Vertebral Groups and # of Each
Dens (Odontoid) Process
Held in place inside the vertebral foramen of the atlas by ligaments (allows for shaking of the head)
Found on thoracic vertebral body and at ends of transverse processes for articulation of ribs
Inferior end of sternum that can break and puncture the liver during improper chest compressions
Air-filled cavities lined by a mucous membrane that lighten the skull and act as chambers that add resonance to voice
Maxillae (2), Palatine (2), Zygomatic (2), Lacrimal (2), Nasal (2), Inferior Nasal Conchae (2), Vomer, Mandible
14 Facial Bones
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