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3. List the natural facial markings
Philtrum ~Nasolabial Fold ~Nasal Sulcus ~Oblique Palpebral Sulcus ~Angulus Oris ~Eminence ~Angulus Oris Sulcus ~Labiomental Sulcus ~Submental Sulcus ~Dimples
6. List the Acquired Facial Markings
Nasolabial Sulcus ~Transverse Frontal Sulci ~Interciliary Sulci ~BuccoFacial Sulcus ~Superior Palpebral Sulcus ~Inferior Palpebral ~Sulcus ~Optic Facial Sulci ~Labial Sulci ~Mandibular Sulcus ~Platysmal Sulci ~Cords of the Neck
8. Describe the intercilliary sulci
Also known as frowning sulci, they are acquired furrows found between the eyebrows
9. Which intercilliary Sulci are known to be the concentrating sulci
Which are known to be the frowning sulci - Horizontal Interciliary Sulci are known as the concentrating sulci; Vertical Interciliary Sulci are known as the frowning sulci
10. Those facial markings that radiate, laterally from the outer canthus of the eye, onto the side of the face
Optic Facial Sulci (Crow's feet)
12. The Philtrum lies between what two structures
The columna nase and the medial lobe of the mucous membrane of the upper lip (the nose and upper lip)
13. What general shape does the philtrum resemble
irregular parenthesis is the norm (also triangular, inverted triangular, and parallel)
15. The nasolabial fold lies between what 2 structures
The superior part of the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the side of the mouth
16. Describe the Superior Palpebral Sulcus
furrow located at the attached margin of the upper eyelid
18. The small angular area formed by the junction of the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the Nasolabial fold
20. Describe the Oblique Palpebral Sulcus
The shallow, curving groove below the inner corner of the eyelids
21. Which palpebral sulcus is wider (Inferior Palpebral Sulcus or Superior Palpebral Sulcus)
Superior Palpebral Sulcus
22. Describe the Angulus Oris Eminence
The small convex prominence lateral to the end of the line of mouth closure
25. The small triangular depression in the anterior part of the angulus oris eminence
Angulus Oris Sulcus
26. Describe the forms the Angulus Oris Sulcus may take in the various stages of life
Include Youth (Infancy), Maturity and Old Age - In youth, it takes an angular form; In maturity, it becomes a crevice extending inferiorly and obliquely from the end of the line of mouth closure; In old age, can reverse direction and extend into upper integumentary lip
29. Describe the Labial sulci
Also known as Smoker's Lines - vertical furrows of the lips extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lip
32. Who has a greater prevelance of wrinkles, men or women - Why
Men, because women tend to have more adipose than men
33. Describe the Labiomental Sulcus
The junction of the lower lip and the chin, which may appear as a furrow
35. The furrow or groove which lies at the junture of the base of he chin and the submandibular area
36. An elongated prominence of flesh which abuts convexly against an adjacent surface
Fold or Eminence
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