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1. Those facial markings which may develop with age are known as

Acquired Facial Markings

2. What are the two forms of dimples

Rounded or vertical in form

3. List the natural facial markings

Philtrum ~Nasolabial Fold ~Nasal Sulcus ~Oblique Palpebral Sulcus ~Angulus Oris ~Eminence ~Angulus Oris Sulcus ~Labiomental Sulcus ~Submental Sulcus ~Dimples

4. The furrow which may develop along the medial margin of nasolabial fold

Nasolabial Sulcus

5. Describe the Transverse Frontal Sulci

Acquired horizontal furrows of the forehead

6. List the Acquired Facial Markings

Nasolabial Sulcus ~Transverse Frontal Sulci ~Interciliary Sulci ~BuccoFacial Sulcus ~Superior Palpebral Sulcus ~Inferior Palpebral ~Sulcus ~Optic Facial Sulci ~Labial Sulci ~Mandibular Sulcus ~Platysmal Sulci ~Cords of the Neck

7. Which transverse frontal sulci appear deeper than the others

The furrows nearest the eyebrows

8. Describe the intercilliary sulci

Also known as frowning sulci, they are acquired furrows found between the eyebrows

9. Which intercilliary Sulci are known to be the concentrating sulci

Which are known to be the frowning sulci - Horizontal Interciliary Sulci are known as the concentrating sulci; Vertical Interciliary Sulci are known as the frowning sulci

10. Those facial markings that radiate, laterally from the outer canthus of the eye, onto the side of the face

Optic Facial Sulci (Crow's feet)

11. The vertical groove on the central plan of the upper integumentary lip


12. The Philtrum lies between what two structures

The columna nase and the medial lobe of the mucous membrane of the upper lip (the nose and upper lip)

13. What general shape does the philtrum resemble

irregular parenthesis is the norm (also triangular, inverted triangular, and parallel)

14. The prominence of the anterior part of the cheek

Nasolabial Fold

15. The nasolabial fold lies between what 2 structures

The superior part of the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the side of the mouth

16. Describe the Superior Palpebral Sulcus

furrow located at the attached margin of the upper eyelid

17. Another name for Optic Facial Sulci

Crow's Feet

18. The small angular area formed by the junction of the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the Nasolabial fold

Nasal Sulcus

19. The furrow of the lower (attached) border of the lower eyelid

Inferior Palpebral Sulcus

20. Describe the Oblique Palpebral Sulcus

The shallow, curving groove below the inner corner of the eyelids

21. Which palpebral sulcus is wider (Inferior Palpebral Sulcus or Superior Palpebral Sulcus)

Superior Palpebral Sulcus

22. Describe the Angulus Oris Eminence

The small convex prominence lateral to the end of the line of mouth closure

23. The vertical slightly curved furrow in the soft tissue of the cheek

BuccoFacial Sulcus

24. Describe the Mansibular Sulcus

Furrow beneath the mandible which rises vertically on the cheek

25. The small triangular depression in the anterior part of the angulus oris eminence

Angulus Oris Sulcus

26. Describe the forms the Angulus Oris Sulcus may take in the various stages of life

Include Youth (Infancy), Maturity and Old Age - In youth, it takes an angular form; In maturity, it becomes a crevice extending inferiorly and obliquely from the end of the line of mouth closure; In old age, can reverse direction and extend into upper integumentary lip

27. The greatly dipping furrows acroos the neck

Platysmal Sulci

28. The prominent vertical folds found on the neck

Cords of the Neck

29. Describe the Labial sulci

Also known as Smoker's Lines - vertical furrows of the lips extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lip

30. Another name for a wrinkle


31. Define a furrow

a crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevation

32. Who has a greater prevelance of wrinkles, men or women - Why

Men, because women tend to have more adipose than men

33. Describe the Labiomental Sulcus

The junction of the lower lip and the chin, which may appear as a furrow

34. An elongated depression in a surface plane is known as a(n)


35. The furrow or groove which lies at the junture of the base of he chin and the submandibular area

Submental Sulcus

36. An elongated prominence of flesh which abuts convexly against an adjacent surface

Fold or Eminence

37. Shallow depressions found in the soft tissue of the cheeks and/or chin


38. Define what is meant by natural facial markings

Those markings which may be present at birth

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