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Goodman Psych. Chapter 1
Terms in this set (33)
_____are intuitive psychologists
the study of mind, brain, and behavior
Goals of psychology
Understanding mental activity, social interactions, and how behavior is acquired.
• Psychological knowledge is used in many ______
• Opportunities for people with graduate degrees in psychology are expected to grow approximately __ %
• Psychological science teaches___________
systematically evaluating information to reach reasonable conclusions
Critical thinking, scientific method
• It is important for psychologist to rely on _______skills and the __________ to determine the causes of behavior.
• Psychology originated in________
Aristotle and Plato
__________had long debate over nature vs nurture
______believed that the mind and body are separate but can interact with each other
John Staurt Mill
_________argued psychology should be a science of observation and of experiment.
_____________established the first psychology laboratories
_______systematic method of reporting subjective mental experiences such as thoughts, preferences, and memory.
_________pioneered a school of thought that became known as structuralism
______experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components.
• Problems with __________
-reporting of the experiences variable
-changes the experience
__________psychologist, philosopher/critical of structuralism
-argued the mind consisted of a stream of consciousness that could not be analyzed
-influenced by Charles Darwin
-the mind developed over the course of human evolution because it is for preserving life
Examine the functions served by the mind
-the ____ helps humans adapt to environmental demands
_____Psychology emphasized patterns and context in learning
: the hole of conscious experience is different from the sum of its parts
John B Watson
___________challenged focus on mental processes
_________focus on how observable environmental stimuli affect behavioral responses
___________focuses on the power of situation
__________: the study of how people think, learn, and remember.
______:The arguments concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquire through education, experience, and culture
______: and approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components.
Stream of Consciousness
________: A phrase coined by William James to describe each person continuous series of ever changing thought
_____:The mental processes that operate below the level of conscious awareness
________: A method developed by Sigmund Freud that attempts to bring the contents of the unconscious into conscious awareness so that conflicts can be revealed
______:A psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environmental forces in producing behavior
________: The study of the neural mechanisms that underline thought learning and memory
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