negative connotaion is due to what
the domination and control of the common people by the royalty and the church and the general slow pace of cultural, educational, and social progress of the period.
cultural change and progress was slowed during this time due to what?
dogma of church
renaissance reflects the rebirth of learning and appreciation of what 3 things
human achievement was regarded as what?
something that was a gift of god, not competition or devotion to god.
humanism during the renaissance was not a disregard for god, but for what?
but established a philosophy that looked at life as a gift of god.
literally means primary song.
used to identify elongated chant in the bottom voice of medieval motets
the reaction to the protestant reformation of the 16th century by the catholic church
group of contrasting dances that are compiled into a singular composition
a form that originated in the late renaissance period.
last era of the medieval period.
characterized by the graceful architecture and stained glass
tall arches and spires and extensive use of stained glass of gothic cathedrals were made possible by flying buttresses
a mnemonic device developed by guido of arezzo to teach sight singing.
a variant was used to develop the five-line staff
an a cappela, four to eight part composition initiated during the renaissance in italy and later popular in england that had pastoral texts and were written for the enjoyment of amateurs.
the service of the celebration of the sacrement of the eucharist in the early christian church and current catholic church
organum with chant placed in the lower voice and melismas added in upper voices to create a new composition during the medieval period
originally, a musical composition of the medieval period with multiple texts and a cantus firmus.
used later to means a sacred vocal composition that was not part of the mass.
in the renaissance, a complimentary term indicating that music composition was pleasant to the sense and the words and music worked together to complete a work of great beauty.
an original worship service of the christian church.
the celebration of the office occurred at three-hour intervals everyday
the portion of the mass where the texts change according to the tradition of season of the liturgical church year
the religious movement of the 16th century that established a number of protestant denominations
the early era of the medieval period.
characterized by thick walls, roman arches, vaults, groin vaults, and barrel vaults, and small window openings
the 14th century
the pivitole role that it holds between the medieval and renaissance periods.
hundred year's war, bubonic plague, and great schism