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What is 1 + 3?
the antiquity, medieval and renaissance periods
means ancient times
beginnings of music are connected to the beginnings of what?
means middle ages. 500-1400 AD
middle ages are sometimes referred to as what
negative connotaion is due to what
the domination and control of the common people by the royalty and the church and the general slow pace of cultural, educational, and social progress of the period.
cultural change and progress was slowed during this time due to what?
dogma of church
medieval period is divided into what 2 eras
century of the trecento brought forth the flowering of what during the 15th century
renaissance reflects the rebirth of learning and appreciation of what 3 things
renaissance is also defined by the rise of what?
human achievement was regarded as what?
something that was a gift of god, not competition or devotion to god.
humanism during the renaissance was not a disregard for god, but for what?
but established a philosophy that looked at life as a gift of god.
celebratory section of the mass used to replace the tract during easter.
ancient times. pree 500 b.c
literally means primary song.
used to identify elongated chant in the bottom voice of medieval motets
the reaction to the protestant reformation of the 16th century by the catholic church
group of contrasting dances that are compiled into a singular composition
a form that originated in the late renaissance period.
last era of the medieval period.
characterized by the graceful architecture and stained glass
tall arches and spires and extensive use of stained glass of gothic cathedrals were made possible by flying buttresses
a mnemonic device developed by guido of arezzo to teach sight singing.
a variant was used to develop the five-line staff
an a cappela, four to eight part composition initiated during the renaissance in italy and later popular in england that had pastoral texts and were written for the enjoyment of amateurs.
the service of the celebration of the sacrement of the eucharist in the early christian church and current catholic church
a series of notes performed on one syllable
organum with chant placed in the lower voice and melismas added in upper voices to create a new composition during the medieval period
an early german secular singer
the book of texts for the mass throughout the church year
originally, a musical composition of the medieval period with multiple texts and a cantus firmus.
used later to means a sacred vocal composition that was not part of the mass.
in the renaissance, a complimentary term indicating that music composition was pleasant to the sense and the words and music worked together to complete a work of great beauty.
informal marks on texts of the mass that developed in to musical notation
organum that consisted of voices that moved in contrary motion
an original worship service of the christian church.
the celebration of the office occurred at three-hour intervals everyday
the portion of the mass where the texts remain constant
added parallel or contrasting lines to plainchant to amplify or enhance the sound
the portion of the mass where the texts change according to the tradition of season of the liturgical church year
the religious movement of the 16th century that established a number of protestant denominations
the early era of the medieval period.
characterized by thick walls, roman arches, vaults, groin vaults, and barrel vaults, and small window openings
a somber portion of the mass. the alleluia replaces this movement during easter
the 14th century
the pivitole role that it holds between the medieval and renaissance periods.
hundred year's war, bubonic plague, and great schism
an early form of music where additional texts and melodies are added to the texts of the mass
early secular singers originating from the north of france
early secular singing originating in the south of france