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41 terms

the antiquity, medieval and renaissance periods

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antiquity
means ancient times
beginnings of music are connected to the beginnings of what?
speech
medieval
means middle ages. 500-1400 AD
middle ages are sometimes referred to as what
dark ages
negative connotaion is due to what
the domination and control of the common people by the royalty and the church and the general slow pace of cultural, educational, and social progress of the period.
cultural change and progress was slowed during this time due to what?
war
disease
political unrest
dogma of church
medieval period is divided into what 2 eras
romanesque
gothic
century of the trecento brought forth the flowering of what during the 15th century
trevento
renaissance
rebirth. 1400-1600
renaissance reflects the rebirth of learning and appreciation of what 3 things
classical ideals
ideas
study
renaissance is also defined by the rise of what?
humanism
human achievement was regarded as what?
something that was a gift of god, not competition or devotion to god.
humanism during the renaissance was not a disregard for god, but for what?
but established a philosophy that looked at life as a gift of god.
alleluia
celebratory section of the mass used to replace the tract during easter.
antiquity
ancient times. pree 500 b.c
cantus firmus
literally means primary song.
used to identify elongated chant in the bottom voice of medieval motets
counter reformation
the reaction to the protestant reformation of the 16th century by the catholic church
dance suite
group of contrasting dances that are compiled into a singular composition

a form that originated in the late renaissance period.
gothic
last era of the medieval period.
characterized by the graceful architecture and stained glass


tall arches and spires and extensive use of stained glass of gothic cathedrals were made possible by flying buttresses
guidonian hand
a mnemonic device developed by guido of arezzo to teach sight singing.

a variant was used to develop the five-line staff
madrigal
an a cappela, four to eight part composition initiated during the renaissance in italy and later popular in england that had pastoral texts and were written for the enjoyment of amateurs.
mass
the service of the celebration of the sacrement of the eucharist in the early christian church and current catholic church
melisma
a series of notes performed on one syllable
melismatic organum
organum with chant placed in the lower voice and melismas added in upper voices to create a new composition during the medieval period
minnesinger
an early german secular singer
missale
the book of texts for the mass throughout the church year
motet
originally, a musical composition of the medieval period with multiple texts and a cantus firmus.

used later to means a sacred vocal composition that was not part of the mass.
musica reservata
"reserved music"

in the renaissance, a complimentary term indicating that music composition was pleasant to the sense and the words and music worked together to complete a work of great beauty.
nuemes
informal marks on texts of the mass that developed in to musical notation
oblique organum
organum that consisted of voices that moved in contrary motion
office
an original worship service of the christian church.

the celebration of the office occurred at three-hour intervals everyday
ordinary
the portion of the mass where the texts remain constant
organum
added parallel or contrasting lines to plainchant to amplify or enhance the sound
proper
the portion of the mass where the texts change according to the tradition of season of the liturgical church year
reformation
the religious movement of the 16th century that established a number of protestant denominations
romanesque
the early era of the medieval period.

characterized by thick walls, roman arches, vaults, groin vaults, and barrel vaults, and small window openings
tract
a somber portion of the mass. the alleluia replaces this movement during easter
trecento
the 14th century

the pivitole role that it holds between the medieval and renaissance periods.

hundred year's war, bubonic plague, and great schism
trope
an early form of music where additional texts and melodies are added to the texts of the mass
troveres
early secular singers originating from the north of france
troubadours
early secular singing originating in the south of france