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many different lands and peoples brought under the control of one ruler


region stretching from the Persian Gulf northwest up the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and west over the Mediterranean Sea

Fertile Crescent

written rules for people to obey

code of law

fair treatment of all the people to obey


payment made in return for protection


forced removal from one's homeland, often to lands far away


practice of allowing people to keep their traditions and beliefs


governmental divisions like states


governors of provinces in the Persian Empire


road used for government purposes in ancient times

Royal Road

ruler of an empire


person chosen to rule over a territory


course of action chosen by a government


coins that are issued by the government and are official money

minted coins

fair treatment of all the people based on the law


Ruler of the Babylonian Empire from 1792 to 1750 BC


an ancient city of SW Asia, on the Euphrates River, famed for its magnificence and culture


king who took control of Persian Empire from the Medes people. He ruled through the policy of toleration - he believed in ruling by fairness and having a peace among his people

Cyrus the Great

Emperor that was the successor to Cyrus and expanded the empire by harsh means. He built the Royal Road and created minted coins


He was the ruler of Akkadian Empire - the first empire in world history - Around 2371 BC


Another name for Hammurabi's Code

"an eye for an eye"

How long did the Babylon Empire last?

about 200 years

The goal of Hammurabi's Code was to ...

bring fairness and justice to everyone in the empire

What empire arose in the Fertile Crescent right after the fall of Babylonia?


He was the most powerful ruler in the history of Assyria


In 609 BC, Assyria fell to the ...

Medes and Chaldeans

They are called the new Babylonians


These two cultures were ruled by cruel rulers

Assyrians and Chaldeans

He was the ruler of the Chaldean Empire at its peak, rebuilt the city of Babylon, built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and held Hebrews captive in Babylon for about 50 Years

Nebuchadnezzar II

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