1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor.
All India Muslim League
a political party in British India that developed into the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state from British India on the Indian subcontinent
the modernization and industrialization of Japan in the 1800's
A conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea.
Also known as Indian Councils Act. It limited male franchise and limited the powers to elective councils and assemblies. Indians could voice opinions and got used to a representative government. "Divide and Rule" was separate electorates and other concessions to Muslims. They created Swaraj which meant to self-rule; it encouraged Indian participation.
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries
Young rebellious people in the Ottoman Empire who forced the Sultan to reform
In January 1899, the US brought Emilio Aguinaldo, a Filipino independence leader, back to the Philippines from exile to undermine Spanish rule and declare Filipino independence.
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.