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282 terms

Medical Terminology Word Parts

Medical Terminology word parts
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a-, an-
without
ab-
away from
abdomin/o
abdomen
ad-
toward or in the direction of
aden/o
gland
-ago
diseased condition
-algia, -dynia
pain and suffering
ana-
excessive
angi/o
blood vessel
ankyl-
crooked, bent, or stiff
anter/o
front or before
appendic/o
appendix
arteri/o
artery
arthr/o
joint
ather/o
plaque or fatty substance
burs/o
bursa
carcin
cancerous
cardi/o
heart
caud/o
tail or lower part of the body
-centesis
a surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o
head
chondr/o
cartilage
-clasis
to break
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
-crine
to secrete
cyan/o
blue
cyt/o
cell
dem
population
dermat/o
skin
-desis
surgical fixation of bone or joint
dia-
through or complete
dors
back of the body
dys-
bad, difficult, or painful
-ectomy
surgical removal
endo-
within
enter/o
small intestine
epi-
above
erythr/o
red
eti-
cause
eu-
good, normal, well, or easy
exo-
out of
gene
producing
-gram
a picture or record
-graphy
the process of producing a picture or record
hepat/o
liver
hist/o
tissue
home/o
constant
hyper-
excessive or increased
hypo-
deficient or decreased
-iatrist, -ologist, -ist
specialist
idi/o
peculiar to the individual
ili
hip bone or ilium
-itis
inflammation
kyph/o
hump
lamin
lamina
laryng/o
larynx and throat
leuk/o
white
-listhesis
slipping
lith/o
stone
lord/o
bent backward
lumb
lower back or lumbar
-lysis
loosening or setting free
-malacia
abnormal softening
-megaly
enlargement
melan/o
black
muscul/o, my/o
muscle
fung/o, myc/o
fungus
myel/o
bone marrow or spinal cord
nat
birth
-necrosis
tissue death
neur/o, neur/i
nerve or nervous system
-ology
the study of
-osis
abnormal condition or disease
oste/o, ost/o
bone
-ostomy
the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
ot/o
ear
-otomy
cutting or surgical incision
pan-
entire
path/o
disease
pelv/o
pelvis
-penia
deficiency
peri-
surrounding
periton
peritoneum
physi/o
nature or physical
-plasia
formation
-plasm
formation or formative material of cells
-plasty
surgical repair
pod
foot
-poietic
pertaining to formation
poli/o
gray
por
small opening
post-
after
poster/o
back or toward the back
pre-
before
py/o
pus
pyr/o
fever or fire
retro-
behind
nas/o, rhin/o
nose
-rrhage
bleeding
-rrhaphy
surgical suturing to close a wound
-rrhea
flow or discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
sacr/o
sacrum
-sclerosis
abnormal hardening
scoli/o
curved
-scopy
visual examination
spondyl/o, vertebr/o
vertebrae
-stasis
control
-stenosis
abnormal narrowing
sub-
under, less, or below
super-, supra-
above or excessive
synov/o, synovi/o
synovial membrane
tonsill/o
tonsils
ventr
belly side of the body
vir/o
virus or poison
bi-
two
-cele
a hernia
fasci/o
fascia
fibr/o
fibrous connective tissue
kines/o, kinesi/o
movement
-plegia
paralysis
tax/o
coordination
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
tendon
ton/o
tone
tri-
three
brady-
slow
aort/o
aorta
-crasia
a mixture or blending
-emia
blood condition
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
phleb/o, ven/o
vein
tachy-
rapid
thromb/o
clot
anti-
against
axill/o
armpit
bacteri/o
bacteria
bio
life
brachy-
short
carcin/o
cancer
cervic/o
neck
-cide
causing death
-edema
swelling
-genesis
reproduction
immun/o
protected
inguin/o
groin
lymph/o
lymph
lymphaden/o
lymph node
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
macro-
large
mamm/o, mast/o
breast
meta-
beyond
ne/o, neo-
new or strange
-oma, onc/o
tumor
-opsy
view of
phag/o
to eat or swallow
-phage
a cell that eats
plast/o
growth or formation
splen/o
spleen
-stasis
stopping
-static
causing control
tele-
distant
-therapy
treatment
tox/o
poison
bronch/o, bronchi/o
bronchi
-ectasis
stretching or enlargement
-ia
abnormal condition
-ive
performs
lob
lobe
-meter
to measure
or/o
mouth
ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
oxygen
para-
near
pharyng/o
pharynx
-pharynx
throat
phon/o
voice or sound
pleur/o
pleura
-pnea
breathing
pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu-
lung or air
poly-
many
-ptysis
spitting
pulmon/o
lung
sept/o
septum
sinus
sinus
somn/o
sleep
-spasm
involuntary contraction
spir/o
to breathe
thorac/o, -thorax
chest
trache/o
trachea
tuss
cough
-ventilation
breathing
electr/o
electricity
-paresis
partial or incomplete paralysis
aneurysm/o
aneurysm
valv/o, valvul/o
valve
ventricul/o
ventricle
coron/o
crown
atel
incomplete
aer/o
air
an/o
anus
cheil/o
lips
cholangi/o
bile duct
chole-
bile or gall
choleang/o
bile duct
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
cirrh/o
yellow or orange
col/o, colon/o
colon
diverticul/o
diverticulum
duoden/o
duodenum
-emesis
vomiting
esophag/o
esophagus
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gums
halit-
breath
hemorrhoid
piles
hepat/o
liver
hiat
opening
ile/o
ileum or small intestine
intestin/o
intestine
-ism
condition
-lithiasis
presence of stones
metabol
change
-occult
hidden
odont/i
teeth
orth-
straight or normal
palat/o
palate
pancreat/o
pancreas
pept/o, -pepsia
digestion
-pexy
surgical fixation
-phagia
swallowing
proct/o, rect/o
rectum
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
adip/o, steat/o
fat
stomat/o
mouth or oral cavity
xer/o
dry
-analysis
a study of the parts
-chrome
color
cyst/o
bladder
-genic
created by
glomerul/o
glomeruli
hydr/o
water
lith/o
stone
nephr/o
kidney
noct
night
prostat/o
prostate gland
-ptosis
droop or prolapsed
ren/o
kidney or kidneys
-tripsy
to crush
ur/o
urine
-uresis
urination
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
-uria
urine
vagin/o
vagina
vesic/o
bladder
acr/o
up
agor/a
marketplace
ambul/o
to walk
caus/o
burning sensation
cerebr/o
brain
claustr/o
barrier
concuss/o
shaken together
contus/o
bruise
ech/o, son/o
sound
encephal/o
brain
-esthesia
sensation, feeling
esthet/o
feeling
klept/o
to steal
-lepsy
seizure
-mania
madness
mening/o
meninges, membrane
narc/o
stupor
par-
abnormal
-phasia
speech
-phobia
abnormal fear
psych/o
mind
radicul/o
nerve root
thalam/o
thalamus
trichotill/o
related to hair
-tropic
having an affinity for
ultra-
beyond