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26 terms

Social Studies Vocab #1

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Renewable Resources
Materials needed and valued by people, such as soils and forests, that can be replaced by Earth's natural processes.
Nonrenewable Resources
Resources, such as coal and oil, that cannot be replaced by Earth's natural processes
Deforestation
The destruction or loss of forest area
Reforestation
The planting of trees in places where forests have been cut down
Fossil Fuels
Nonrenewable resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals
Petroleum
An oily liquid that can be refined into gasoline and other fuels and oils
Hydroelectric Power
A renewable energy resource produced from dams that harness the energy of falling water to power generators
Geothermal Energy
A renewable energy resource produced from the heat of Earth's interior
Solar Power
Heat and light from the sun
Gross Domestic Product
The value of all goods and services produced within a country
Industrialized Countries
Countries that rely more on industry than agriculture
Literacy Rate
Percent of people who can read and write
Developing Countries
Countries in different stages of moving toward development
Third World Countries
Developing countries that lack economic opportunities
Free Enterprise
An economic system in which people, not government, decide what to make, sell, or buy,
Command Economy
An economy in which the government owns most of the industries and makes most of the economic decisions
Tradition Based Economy
Exchange of goods or services based on custom and tradition
Exports
Products a country sells to other countries
Imports
Products a country buys from other countries
Interdependence
Depending on another country for resources or goods and services
Birthrate
Number of births per 1,000 people in a year
Death Rate
Number of deaths per 1,000 people in a year
Population Density
The average number of people living within a square mile or square kilometer
Over Population
More people than a region or country can self-support
Migration
Movement of people
Immigrant
Person who arrives from another country