HIST150-Chapter 4

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The city-state that ultimately gained control of the entire Mediterranean was...
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Which of the following was not true about the city of Rome during the later republic?c. Rome became famous for its clean, efficient disposal of sewageThe Romans created a united community during their conquest of Italy by...d. (all of the above) -Granting full or partial citizenship to various Latin communities -Granting self-government to peoples as long as they supplied troops to Rome and followed Roman foreign policyRoman religion was...b. Polytheistic with gods and goddesses for practically everythingWhich activities would one likely find at the bath house besides bathing?d. (all of the above) -Message -Socializing -ExercisingThe traditional soldier in the Roman army was a...b. Tax-paying citizen of RomeCarthage was colonized by the...a. PhoeniciansThe city of Carthage...b. Had an extensive trading network in the Mediterranean and AfricaThe First Punic War began with a struggle over...a. SicilyIn order to fight a war with Carthage, the Romans...b. Built a navy equipped with ships that enabled soldiers to board the enemy shipsAt the end of the First Punic War, the Romans aquired...d. SicilyIn the Second Punic War, Hannibal's strategy was to...c. Swiftly cross the Alps into Italy and by winning some big battles persuade Rome's subject peoples to join his sideAlthough Hannibal won some major battles against the Romans...d. Most of Rome's allies stayed loyal to Rome, and the Roman delaying tactics eroded his forcesHannibal was finally defeated in North Africa near Carthage at the Battle of Zama in 202 B.C. by...a. Scipo AfricanusAfter the defeat of Carthage in the Second Punic War, Rome fought several wars in the eastern Mediterranean with an unexpected consequence...c. The upper classes of Rome started to become to become partially Hellenized in their cultureThe Roman senator who provoked the third and last Punic War by constantly repeating that "Carthage must be destroyed" was...c. Cato the ElderOne abusive practice of Roman rule over foreign provinces was...b. To allow tax contractors to extract more taxes than had been assessedAs a result of the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean, slavery...c. Increased as large numbers of prisoners of war were sold as slavesWhich of the following was not true of slavery in Ancient Rome?a. Slaves were overwhelmingly non-whiteThe most serious slave revolt in Roman history took place in 73 B.C. when 70,000 slaves revolted under the leadership of...d. SpartacusWhich of the following was NOT a factor in the growing disparity between the rich and poor during the second century in B.C.a. Small Roman farmers grew rich from the booty that flowed into ItalyThe growing disparity between rich and poor in Rome led to...b. The development of a potentially revolutionary mob in RomeThe Romans had many engineering accomplishments. Which of these was not one of them?d. Building high spires for their temples**The outstanding example of Roman religious architecture, still in use today, is the...d. PantheonThe career of Publius Terentius Afer demonstrated...d. That it was possible for a North African slave to become a Roman playwright, noted for the brilliance of his Latin writingThe great Latin orator, statesman, and master of prose was...c. CiceroThe Gracchi brothers attempted to redistribute land and make jobs for the poor because...c. The Roman army needed small citizen farmers and taxpayers to fill its ranksThe career of the Gracchi brothers began the decline of the republic because...d.(all of the above) -Political murder began to be a common policy -Tribunes of the plebs would use the Tribal Assembly against the Senate -Supporters of senatorial rule (optimates), became confrontational with supporters of popular rule (populares)Gaius Marius established the Roman army as a professional long-service corps with loyalty to their generals rather than the state by...d. (all of the above) -Recruiting landless poor men who would owe their livelihood to their general -Placing soldiers on a payroll, making official the client-patron relationship between soldier and commander -Distributing land to the soldiers after their term of serviceSulla violated the traditional constitution of Rome by...d. (all of the above) -Holding dictatorship for an unlimited term -Murdering his political opponents without trial -Making the Senate supreme over the assembly by lawThe First Triumvirateb. Was a political alliance of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus to bypass most of the formal Roman political structureCaesar associated himself politically with the...c. PopularesJulius Caesar achieved supreme power in Rome...a. By defeating Pompey and his Senatorial alliesWhich of the following reforms did Caesar NOT carry out when he took power?a. Reestablished the Senate and consults as the chief Roman authorityCaesar strayed from traditional Roman custom and politics by...d. (all of the above) -Accepting a dictatorship for life -Wearing royal regalia and establishing a priesthood to worship his genius -Having his image placed on coinsCaesar was assassinated by...c. A group of senatorsWhich was NOT an advantage of the site of Rome?c. High in he mountains protected from attack