Emergence 2 Exam 3

Yalta Conference
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Terms in this set (40)
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)- US, Soviet Union, and now many other countries have nuclear weapons - a way to make sure that no one launches a nuclear strikeKorean War- north-communist - south-democratic - no one wins, still going - UN partition at 38th parallel - NK invades - UN sends troops, go too far into NK - Chinese involvement - armistice; no peace treatyVietnam War- had been French colony - lots of public opposition in US, suspicious activity in the government, pentagon papers, voting age 21, draft 18 - televised war - chemical warfare, guerrilla warfare - two independent nations decided by UN - SV government collapsedCuban Missile Crisis- castro had support of SU - bay of pigs failed - knew the US was coming - embarrassing for the US - JFK would take missiles out of turkey if Khrushchev takes missiles out of CubaAmritsar Massacre- rising tensions between British and Punjab native - native criticism of British rule, nonviolence rebellion, first amendment rights taken away - mass casualties, 91%, blocked only exists - there was an investigation, dyer showed no remorseGandhi- hinger strikes, national congress party, non-violent resistence - nation self determination - right to rule themselves - salt march: 240 miles, the law is unjust, all types of people, affects all people of India, strikes, boycotts, resignationsGovernment of India Act- compromise to independence - regional self rule - national legislature - self governing state - establishment of muslim leagueIndian Independence- one of the first colonies to get its independence - partition uses religion to split land, created noncontinuous countries - > 1 mill killed; 12 mill moved, attacked by people of different religions, pottery takenNon-Aligned Bloc- 29 contries, 25% of worlds land - third way of banding together (US, SU) - opposed to colonization, put pressure on countries to grant freedom on their other colonies - promotion of peace and cooperation - respect of territorial sovereignty - respect for human rights and equality of races - commitment to diplomacy to solve problemsFront - National Liberationbritish just lost indochinaKwame Nkrumah- wants to get cocoa farmers to be in charge of their own wadges - becomes presidentIndependence - Congo- Belgium grants freedom - president elected, turns to US for help - prime minister, turns to SU for help, gets arrested - intervention of superpowers: money, trade, alliancesUNSCOPpalestine is sucking in more resources than they are givingSuez-Sinai CampaignSix-Day WarOPECOil Crisis of 1970'sIranian Hostage Crisis- attack on the US embass - act of war on america - held 53 hostages - 444 days - want money that shah took, want shah returned and placed on trial, want US to apologize for putting shah in chargeSaddam Hussein- not a practicing muslim but many of his people are - closer ties with US and wester Europe - rebuilt economy, opens up more drilling sites for oilGuatemala and UFC- unequal distributions of wealth and land - dependent on coffee and bananas; agricultural based economy - united fruit company owned lots of land; multinational corporation - president wants to nationalize economy, improve transportation, and redistribute landRachel Carson- biographical information - wanted to spread the word about DDT and pesticides - cause cancer, ruin soil and water, have a long lifeFirst World ProblemsSecond World Problems- planned economy had stagnated: high absenteeism in workplace, long lines to purchase food and other goods, housing shortages, health care less advanced than the west - not enough food, are producing enough but rot and spoils before it gets to markets new communication technology weakened the government's ability to censer - renewed arms race with US - 3 leaders in 4 yearsSoviet-Afghan War- >12 groups - received funding from others - more than 50% of population was displaced - society withdrew - taliban seized control; islamic fundamentalistsMikhail Gorbachev- selected to lead - wants to fix communism: greater openness, less censorship, restructure the economy - speech at the UN - allowed other political parties to existCollapse of USSR- end to cold war - 1991 coup attempt on Gorbachev - Yeltsin led opposition - russia succeeds from the soviet unionGlobal Finance and Trade- eliminated fixed exchanged rates - freer trade and fewer government regulations - more global investment (world bank) - increased volatility and financial instability - regional trade blocs formed due to deregulation and global competition - technology created even greater disparity between wealthy countries and those still mainly producing low-tech goods and raw materialsMigration Shifts- became more common after 1970 people migrate for job opportunities - patterns shifted away from the colonies - fear the white people will be the minorityWorld Population Growth- third world is growing at a faster rate; no need to have more kids, easier access to contraception - starvation, housing, disease, water, health care, jobs, war - lifespands vary everywhere and have increasedGlobal Environmental Issues- western nations, especially US, consume high proportion of the worlds resources - growing awareness of global environmental problems are trans-national; acid rain, global warming, ocean pollution, bio diversity