20 terms

The Articles Of The Constitution Assessment


Terms in this set (...)

The smaller upper assembly in the US congress
Executive Branch
The branch of federal and state government that is responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch
President's Cabinet
A board that advises the President; members are the secretaries of executive departments
The federal principal of the government
House of Representatives
The lower house of the United States Congress; most representative body in the federal government
Judicial Branch
The branch of the U.S. government that interprets the law and administers justice
Separation of powers
An act of separating the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Judicial Review
The principle by which courts can declare acts of either the executive branch or the legislative branch unconstitutional.
Legislative Branch (congress)
The branch of the United States government that creates laws.
Supreme court
The highest federal court in the US, consisting of nine justices and taking precedence over all other courts in the nation.
Checks and balances
A fundamental principle of American government,whereby each branch of the government has some influence over the other branches
To call into question the integrity or validity; charge with misconduct
Difference between the Articles of Confederation and The Articles of the Constitution
Federal Courts, regulation of trade, executive's power, interstate commerce, drafting troops, representation of states, sovereignty, disputes between states, passing laws, levying taxes.
What are Articles 1, 2, and 3? What do they do?
Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the federal government
Article Two creates the executive branch of the government
Article Three establishes the judicial branch of the federal government
What types of people and/ or responsibilities might each of them have?
One: The two house of Congress (Senate and House of Representatives.) They make and pass laws.
Two: President, Vice President, and other executive officials(members of cabinet). Negotiation of treaties, and president acts as head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces.
Three: Made up of the court system, supreme court is highest in the land.
Which checks and balances do the 3 branches have over each other?
The process of how laws are made-the legislative branch introduces and votes on a bill. The bill then goes to the executive branch, where the President decides whether he thinks the bill is good for the country. If so, he signs the bill, and it becomes a law. The judicial branch can then interpret the law.
What does Congress do?
They make and pass laws.
What are the two houses of Congress?
The senate and the house of representatives
Know the requirements and make-up of both the houses.
Senate: two senators represent each state, and senators serve staggered six-year terms.
House of Representatives: States are represented in approximate proportion to their populations, with every state guaranteed at least one seat.
Know the four steps for how a bill becomes a law
Bill is drafted, introduced into house, sent to committee, and then committee action.