Terms in this set (31)
The messenger at every junction between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle
A knee jerk or withdrawing a hand from a flame that is controlled by the spinal cord
If ACh transmission is blocked, we are...
Skeletal muscles are controlled by the ____ nervous system
An important part of the endocrine system, but is not an endocrine gland
A drug that blocks the reuptake of a particular neurotransmitter is called...
The spinal cord is like an information highway that connects the ___ nervous system to the brain
Being moody, tired, and weak is most likely an abnormality with your
An ___ transmits messages away from the cell body and a ___ transmits messages to the cell body
Autonomic nervous system
In terms of your heartbeat, digestion, and glandular functioning, your body is a fairly well-oiled machine that works even when you are asleep. This is possible because of your...
Your boss tells you some news that disturbs you, but a phone call from your spouse distracts you. After you get off the phone, you have a lingering feeling that something is not quite right, but you cannot pinpoint what it is. It is likely you are reacting to the continued effect of:
Serotonin and norepinephrine
You are watching your favorite television program and you see a commercial for a new medication. It states that the medication can alleviate depression. "Since depression is a chemical imbalance, new Venlafaxine extended release can help with mood, sleep, arousal, and alertness by working on the two key neurotransmitters involved in depression." These two neurotransmitters are:
The autonomic nervous system controls:
The ___ separates neurons
Energy conservation; energy consumption
The parasympathetic nervous system is to _____ as the sympathetic nervous system is to _____.
Drugs that block the reuptake of serotonin will thereby increase the concentration of serotonin molecules in the:
Information from the peripheral nervous system is carried to the central nervous system by neural "cables" called:
You type a text message, which your friend shows to a third party who reacts to it
The production and transmission of hormones in the endocrine system is MOST similar to:
Depressed mood states are linked to low levels of ___ and ___
The peripheral nervous system includes _____, which carry/carries messages from the body to the central nervous system.
Sir Charles Sherrington
Who discovered the synapse?
The myelin sheath
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that is most directly associated with the degeneration of:
Parasympathetic nervous system
After being startled awake in the middle of the night, it turns out that the noise the woman heard was the closet rod breaking from the weight of her winter coats. Knowing that, she begins to calm down and her heart stops racing. Clearly her _____ has now been activated.
High levels of ___ help Michelle bond with her baby.
Sam is a 2-year-old boy whose parents are worried that he is not growing very quickly. His pediatrician will mostly likely check his _____.
It functions like a remote control that moves a robotic arm.
If you were trying to describe the function of the somatic nervous system to a middle-school child, which of the following analogies might you use?
A drug that inhibits a neurotransmitter's release is:
Whenever you turn the pages of a book, use your pen to take notes, or raise your hand, you know that this is possible due to your _____ nervous system.
Was the first to recognize that the mind was located in the brain
Marble sculptures; Sand castles
In terms of their length of effect, endocrine messages are to _____ as neural messages are to _____.
Randy was diagnosed with an imbalance in the regulation of calcium in his blood. This imbalance was due to abnormal _____.