117 terms

History 106 Test 2

The New Deal did not bring any recovery to the economy?
The Dust Bowl had its major impact on the state of Oklahoma
Indians on reservations were generally prosperous and health?
Lasting effects of the New Deal included...
The beginnings of federal economic regulations and the welfare state.
Roosevelts's plan to change the Supreme Court was defeated in Congress
The failure of the New Deal to end the Drepression is largely due to which of the following?
The infusion of capital provided by the New Deal was insufficent to replace the capital that had vanished from the economy.
The Dust Bowl was cause by?
all the above
Which of the following is tue of Mexican Americans during the 1930's
500,000 Mexican Americans were repatriated to Mexico
The Scottsboro Boys were
All of the above
The Wheeler Howard Indian Reorganization Act did which of teh following for teh tribes that accepted the Act?
Restored all remaining tribal lands to tribal ownership
Which of the following is ture of the status of women in 1940?
All of the above
In 1936 when General Motors refused to recognize the right of its workers to bargain collectively, the workers ________
staged a sit down strike
Section 7 (a) of the NIRA granted _______
the right of workers to bargain collectively with their employers.
The head of the Congress of Industrial Organizations was ______
John L. Lewis
In what is known as Roosevelt's "Court Packing Plan," FDR called for ______
increasing the size of the Court from nine justices to fifteen.
Huey Long believed that the Depression could be cured with?
Government spending
Why did Franklin Roosevelt cancel the Civil Works Administration?
He feared running massive deficits before the 1934 elections.
Father Charles Coughlin contended that the New Deal was _______
A fascist/Nazi conspiracy
The Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act allowed the President to _______
Make seperate agreements with foreign nations and alter tariff rates by 50%
The Gold Reserve Act of 1934 allowed the President to _________
arbitrarily set the price of gold
Senator Key Pittman of Nevada disrupted the 1993 economic conference in London by _______
<answer>All of the above
a) Calling for a "silver standard"
b) Shooting out streetlights in London with a pistol
c) Drunken and erratic behavior
d) All of the above</answer>
What did Critics of the NIRA charge?
The codes drawn up under the NIRA tended to favor big business rather than small ones.
The National Industrial Recovery Act did which of the following?
Had each industry agree to a code of fair competition, defining wages, hours and prices.
The Tennessee Valley Authority did which of the following?
Constructed dams on the Tennessee River to control flooding and produce hydroelectric power.
Which of the following was a problem with the Agricultural Adjustment Act?
Sharecropper unemployment.
The creation of the Federal Housing Administration ______
was an important step in the development of less expensive housing and long term installment buying.
The purpose of the Agricultural Adjustment Act was _________
To limit agricultural production so as to increase price.
Frances Perkins is best known as ___________
The Secretary of Labor and first woman appointed to a Cabinet position.
FDR restored confidence in the bank with ______
Fireside chats on the radio
In FDR's first 100 days in office, he did which of the following?
<answer>All of the above
a) Cut Federal employee salaries with the Economy Act
b) Created the FDIC to insure bank deposits
c) Created the Securities and Exchange Commission to regulate securities
d) All of the above</answer>
What was the first major change after Roosevelts's election (but before his inauguration)?
Congress passed the 21st Amendment repealing prohibition.
Between Roosevelt's electoral victory and his inauguration, the nation suffered ________
A bank panic
FDR announced his plan to combat the Depression during the campaign of 1932 as ______
"try something"
Franklin Roosevelt's program for economic reform was called the ______
New Deal
Which of the following is ture of Eleanor Roosevelt _______
Endured Franklin's extramarital affairs for mutual affairs for mutual political ambitions.
Which of the following is true of Franklin Delano Roosevelt?
Suffered paralysis in his legs from polio
Herbert Hoover's response to the Bonus Army was to _______
order the U.S. army to disperse the protesters in Washington.
The Bonus Army is best described as ________
a group of unemployed veterans who marched on Washington demanding early payment of a bonus.
The Farm Holidiay Association unsuccessfully attempted ______
a farm strike
Which of the following is true of the Depression between 1929 adn 1932?
<answer>All of the above
a) GNP declined as much as 25%
b) Man hours worked declined as much as 60%
c) Wholesale prices fell as much as 43%
d) All of the above</answer>
The effects of the Depression included increases in _____
Rabbit hunts
Effects of the Depression included which of the following?
a surge in communist activity
What was the problem with relying on local relief efforts?
Local relief programs quickly exhausted their resources.
President Hoover vetoed which of the following?
Federal direct relief to the poor
The effects of the Depression included which of the following?
<answer>All of the above
a) Thousands roamed the country in search of food or work.
b) Farmers burned their crops for fuel.
c) Some landlords ceased evictions to protects their property from destructive vandalism.
d) all of the above</answer>
What did critics of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation argue?
It was the "breadline for big business"
The purpose of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation was to _______
Make loans to banks and business to prevent bankruptcies
The chief barrier to effectively dealing with the Great Depression under the Hoover administration was ______
Hoover's ideological adherence to laissez faire that hindered innovation.
Hoover's policies exacerbated the capital shortage by ________
remaining on the gold standard
Hoover justified federal loan program on which of the premises?
The loans would be repaid.
Hoover's first active efforts to combat the Depression included _________
<answer>a and b only
a) tax cuts
b) Higher tariffs
c) large federal direct grants to business
d) a and b only</answer>
Why did President Hoover opposed federal involvement in welfare?
He believed that it would erode individual and community responsibility and create a "dole" mentality.
Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon's approach to the Depression was to _________
allow the economy to slide unchecked in what he viewed as normal business
Economic problems prior to the Crash of 1929 included which of the following?
<answer>All of the above
a) European debt from WWI still had not been repaid
b) The American economy had become oligopolistic and automobile driven
c) There was great income inequality
d) all of the above</answer>
The Army and Navy were racially segregated during the war
German and Japanese civilians were deliberately bombed by allied bombers during the war
A major turning point in the war in Europe was a German victory at the battle of Warsaw
One consequence of World War II was the growth of women in the workforce
Franklin Roosevelt apparently knew in advance of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Why did Harry Truman decide to drop the atomic bombs on Japan?
Truman hoped to shorten the war and save lives
The "Trinity Test" on July 16, 1945 involved __________
The first successful detonation of an atomic bomb
Kamikaze attacks were_______
suicide attacks by Japanese airplance piolots
Which of the following is tue of the Japanese surrender?
<answer>Both B and C
b) The Japanese Cabinet was deadlocked over the decision to continue or surrender after the U.S. dropped two atomic bombs
c) Emperor Hirohito was asked to break the deadlock and decided on surrender</answer>
The deadliest bombing of the war took place during the firebombing of ________
From what reason did FDR not bomb the Nazi deal camps?
FDR believed that the destruction of the German war machine took precedent.
Why did Eisenhower halt the American advance at the Elve River, thus allowing the Soviets to take Berlin?
Eisenhower knew that the assault on Berlin would be very bloody and he desired to save american lives
Which of the following occurered on April 30, 1945
Adolph Hitler committed suicide in his bunker
At the Yalta Conference all of the following were agreed to EXCEPT ___________
The U.S. would share atomic bobm information with the Soviets
The largest invasion in History was on D-Day (June 6, 1944) at _______
Normandy, France
The German offensive in the Battle of the Bulge was aimed at ________
The Allied fuel depot at Antwerp, Belgium
"Rosie te Riveter" was ______
a part of a propaganda campaign aimed at luring women to the workplace
One major negative on the American home front was _________
the internment of 1110,000 Japanese Americans into "relocation centers"
The turning point in the war in Europe came after the German defeat at ______
The Battle of the Bulge
Which of the following is true of the North Africa campaign for the Allies?
The campaign was a success, but took longer than expected and delayed the opening of a Western front.
In their first major engagement with the Germans in North Africa,
The Americans were defeated at kassarine Pass
Between December of 1941 and June of 1944, a bone of contention between the Soviet Union was ________
The lack of a Western Front in Europe
The German advance in the Soviet Untion in the fall of 1941 was halted by _________
The freezing temperatures of the Russian winter
On Guadalcanal, what did American soldiers discover?
Japanese soldiers refused to surrender and essentially fought to the last man
The turning point in the Pacific after which the U.S. would win all battles was at?
The first test of the amphibious assult, island hopping strategy was at________
The Battle of the Coral Sea introduced a new kind of warefare in the form of __________
Airplane attacks on naval vessels that are out of range of each other
Which of the following is true of the war in the Pacific between the attack on Pearl harbor and the beginnning of May, 1942?
<answer>All of the above
a) The Japanese won all the battles
b) 11,000 American POWs suffered a "death march" on Bataan in the philippines, and only 1,000 would survive the war
c) Japan captured the American outposts of Guam and Wake Island
d) all of the above</answer>
Why did Hitler declare war on the U.S in on December 11, 1941
He believed it would allow him to attack British shipping without restraint, cut off British supplies, and thus defeat England
What was the saving grace at Pearl Harbor?
<answer>All of the above
a) American aircraft carriers were not in the harbor
b) The Japanese did not launch a second attack
c) The Japanese did nt search for and destroy the aircraft carriers
d) all of the above</answer>
The purpose of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor was ________
To force the U.S. to end the embargoes on the oil and other war materials that Japan needed for its campaign in China
American mistakes at Pearl Harbor included _____________
<answer>all of the above
a) confusion between Washington and Hawaii over codes for air raid and sabotage attacks
b) dismissing military intelligence concerning Japese torpedo plane capabilities
c) dismissing radar reports in Hawaii that showed income aircraft
d) all of the above</answer>
The major problem between Japan and the United States in the 1930's involved Japan's war in
The war aims of the allies were established in the
Atlantic Charter
By the fall of 1941, Hemispheric Defense is best described as ___________
an undeclared naval war on Germany
How was FDR's neutrality overtly different from Woodrow Wilson's?
FDR asked Americans to be neutral in thought
In the summer of 1940, nationalist Republicans formed the America First Committee to _____________
lobby and produce propanganda against War intervention
Congress passed the _____________ ________________ program in 1941 that allowed Britain to buy war equipment and pay for it after the war.
Cash and carry
Why did Nationalists Republicans such as Robert Taft oppose American intervention in WWII even after the fall of France?
All of the above
Hitler's tactical error in the Battle for Britain was in _____________
bombing residential areas instead of air fields
After the fall of France, at Dunkirk, which of the following occured?
The British rescued 300,000 of their soldiers with a civilian flotilla
Which of the following is true of the French defense against Germany?
The French lost 110,000 men in a month
While the Allies were preoccupied with Germany after the fall of 1939, the Soviet Union under Stalin over-ran___________
Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania
The Maginot Line was ____
A complicated, but stationary French defense of bunkers, trenches, tunnels, and subterranean railways on the French border
Winston Churchill described the Munich agreement as ________
The Nazi-Soviet Pact allowed Russia to take the eastern part of __________
"Blitzkrieg" is best defined as ___________
Rapid armored advance with massive air support
At the Munich Conference, _______
<answer>All of the above
a) The allies agreed to Hitler's annexation of the Sudetenland (Western Czechoslovakia)
b) The Allies agreed that Hitler could expand to the rest of Czechoslovakia later.
c) The Allies agreed that Hitler could annex East Prussia
d) All of the above</answer>
Under Hitler's Policy of Anschluss, which of the following occurred?
Germany annexed Austria
In the Panay incident, which of the following occurred?
<answer>All of the above
a) Japanese planes bombed an American gunboat in China
b) The Japanese claimed the bombing was an accident
c) Most Americans were satisfied with Japan's aplogy
d) All of the above</answer>
President Roosevelt announced a "Quarrantine" of Japan after _______
Japan expanded its invasion of China in 1937 to six more Chinese provinces
The "cash and carry" provision said ______________ could buy ammunition from Americans, but only if the ammunition was carried on non American ships
Nationalist Republicans opposed which of the following?
<answer>all of the abovea) Recognition of the Soviet Unionb) The World Courtc) free traded) all of the above</answer>
Why could the United States not aid the Spanish government against Franco's Fascist rebels?
The Soviet Union aided the Spanish government and the U.S. could not be on the same side as communists
For the conservative nationalist wing of the Republican Party, sound foreign policy was based on?
<answer>all of the abovea) Isolationismb) Unilateralismc) Anti-communismd) all of the above</answer>
At the Montivideo Conference in 1933, what did the agreement that Secretary of State Cordell Hull sign state?
No state has the right to intervene in the external affairs of another
Why did Western governments fail to stop Hitler's occupation of the Rhineland in 1936
Conservatives in the West feared communism more than the Nazis
In 1935 after Mussolini's Italy invaded Abyssinia, what occured?
The U.S. continued to sell oil and other goods to Italy
In Mein Kampf, Adolph Hitler argued that _________________
None of the above
In Mein Kampf, Adolph Hitler argued that _____________
<answer>All of the above
a) The German defeat in WWI was due to insufficiencies in food, fuel, and treasonous Jews
b) Germany must become self-sufficient in food and fuel
c) Germany must unite all the German people and annex areas with German populations
d) all of the above</answer>
The Enabling Act passed by the German parliament allowed Hitler to _______
Rule by decree
The Stimson Nonrecognition Doctrine stated that the U.S. would not recognize _________
Governments established by force
The Japanese invasion of ________ led to the breakdown of the interwar security system.