14 terms

History - Chapter 5

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agriculture
The business of farming.
backcountry
In colonial times, the name given to the eastern foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.
export
To send goods to other countries for sale or use.
economy
The way a country's people use natural resources, money, and knowledge to produce goods and services.
fertile
Good for growing.
free enterprise
An economic system in which people can own property and businesses are free to decide what to make, how much to produce, and what price to charge.
import
To bring goods from another country for sale or use.
industry
All of the business that make up one kind of product or provide one kind of service.
middle passage
The middle leg of the triangular trade route in colonial times in which captive Africans were shipped to the West Indies to be sold into slavery.
plantation
A large farm that often grows one crop.
slave codes
Rules made by colonial planters that controlled the lives of enslaved Africans.
slave trade
The business of buying and selling people for profit.
surplus
An amount greater than what is needed.
triangular trade
The three-sided trade route between Africa, the West Indies and colonial New England which involved the slave trade as well as the trading of goods.
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