Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Joint Vocabulary Words


The point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton


Immovable joints


Joint in which two bones are bound only by ligaments


A peg-in-socket fibrous joint (ex: articulation of a tooth with its bony alveolar socket)


A bar of hyaline cartilage that unites bones

Synovial Joint

Freely movable joint containing a cavity filled with synovial fluid

Synovial Fluid

Joint-lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane


A fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid


A painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe

Tendon Sheath

Elongated bursa that wraps completely around a tendon subjected to friction


Start of muscle attachment on a (proximal) part of a stationary bone


End of a muscle attachment on the (distal) part of a movable bone


A painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments

Arthroscopic Surgery

Performing a surgical procedure while using an arthroscope to view the internal structure, such as a joint. Minimally invasive.


Dislocation or displacement of bone from the joint


Partial displacement of a joint or organ


Inflammation of a bursa


Inflammation of a tendon


Inflammation of a joint


Chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints. Inflammation of bones and joints.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, affecting joint cartilage and synovial membranes

Gouty Arthritis

Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the blood and uric acid crystals deposited in joints (common in big toe)

Ankylosing Spondylitis

A form of rheumatoid arthritis (mostly seen in males) that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae causing immobility of spine

Mechanical Advantage

The ratio of the force exerted by a machine to the force applied to it

Mechanical Disadvantage

Condition that occurs when the load is far from the fulcrum and the effort is applied near the fulcrum; the effort applied must be greater than the load to be moved.

1st-Class Lever

Fulcrum in the middle; see-saw, hammer, scissors

2nd-Class Lever

Fulcrum at the end, load in the middle; wheel barrow, car-jack

3rd-Class Lever

Fulcrum at the end, effort in the middle; tweezers, baseball bat

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording