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are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of about one carbon atom to two hydrogen atoms to one oxygen atom
a monomer of a carbohydrate-simple sugar-contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, in a ratio of 1-2-1
is a type of structural lipid consisting of a long fatty-acid chain joined to a long alcohol chain
molecules composed of four fused Carbon rings with various functional groups attached to them
are very large and complex organic molecules that store and transfer important information in the cell
contains information that determines the characteristics of an organism and directs its cell activities
is made up of three main componets: a phosphate group, a five carbon sugar, and a ring-shaped nitrogenous base
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
a type of compound that stores a large amount of energy in their overall structure
What are the physical characteristics of a protein?
they are very large and consist of C, H, N, O, and sometimes S and sometimes P
What are some characteristics of enzymes?
very large proteins, can be used over and over again, lowers activation energy, enzymes are specific,
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