Terms in this set (50)
Top-down processing helps with speech segmentation so that we hear breaks between the words even if they aren't there (and we sometimes fail to hear breaks that are there). This allows us to break speech into words. Top-down processing also allows us to fill in gaps in speech based on expectations and prior knowledge. We also use knowledge of syntax and phase structure to parse sentences in real-time. That can lead us astray when knowledge or expectations don't match what is being said. Garden path sentences are the best example of this. Because we parse sentences in real-time, we can be led down the wrong path and parse the phrase incorrectly initially. We can also make incorrect assumptions about what to fill in or we may segment incorrectly.
Broca's = Broken Speech. They fully understand language and speech, but cannot produce speech. They will have a lot of pauses in their speech and will often only be able to get out individual words without full grammar. Wernicke's = Word Salad. They speak fluently but it's all nonsense. They can understand a question asked to them, but their response is a bunch of grammatically correct nonsense.
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