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Greece and Iran, 1000-30 BCE
Terms in this set (20)
Founder of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. Conquered Media, Lydia, and Babylon between 550 and 530 BCE. Employed Persians and Medes in his administration and respected the instututions and beliefs of the subject peoples (p103)
Third ruler of the Persian Empire. Crushed widespread resistance to his rule and gave all major government posts to Persians rather than Medes. Established a system of provinces and tribute, began construction of Persepolis, and expanded Persian control
Governor of a province in the Achaemenids Persian Empire, often a relative of the king
A complex of palaces, reception halls, and trasure buildings erected by the Persian kings Darius I and Xerxes in the Persian homeland
Religion originating in ancient Iran. Monothesistic, belief in afterlife based on life's decisions, and may have influenced other religions (i.e. Christianity, Judaism, &c)
Greek term for "city-state"
A heavily-armored Greek infantryman of the Archaic and Classical periods who fought in close-packed phalanx formation
The Greek term to describe someone who seized power (and held it) in violation of the normal procedures and traditions of the community.
A system of government in which all "citizens" have equal political and legal rights, privileges, and protections.
A gift given to a deity, often with the aimof creating a relationship, gaining favor, and obligating the god to provide some benefit to the sacrificer.
"father of history"; collected information and chronicled the Persian Wars.
Aristocratic leader who guided the Athenian state through the transformation to full participatory democracy for all male citizen, supervised construction of the Acropolis, and his policy led to the Peloponnesian War.
Conflicts between the Greek city-states and the Persian Empire. Launched the Greeks in their greatest period of cultural productivity
Greek & Phoenician warship of the fifth and fourth century BCE
Athenian philosoper who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethnics and human behavior
Conflict between the Athenian and Spartan alliance systems. Sparta won due to Athenian errors and Persian financial support
King of Macedonia in northern Greece. "--- the Great". Conquered the Persian Empire, reached the Indus Valley, founded many Greek-style cities, and spread Greek culture across the Middle East
Historian term for the era in which Greek culture spread across western Asia and northeastern Africa after the conquests of Alexander the Great.
The Macedonian dynasty, descended from one of Alexander the Great's officers, that ruled Egypt for three centuries
City on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt founded by Alexander. Became the capital of the Hellenistic kingdom of the Ptolemies.