Developmental Psychopathology

Terms in this set (851)

with limited prosocial emotions: an individual must have displayed at least two of the following characteristics persistently over at least 12 months and in multiple relationships and settings. These characteristics reflect the individual's typical pattern of interpersonal and emotional functioning over this period and not just occasional occurrences in some situations. Thus, multiple information sources are necessary. Include both the individual's self-report and people who know the individual

lack of remorse or guilt: does not feel bad or guilty when he/she does something wrong (excludes remorse when expressed only when caught/facing punishment). e.g the individual is not remorseful after hurting someone or does not care about the consequences of breaking rules

callous-lack empathy: disregards and is unconcerned about the feelings of others. The individual is described as cold and uncaring. THe person appears more concerned about the effects of his/her actions on himself/herself, rather than their effects on others, even when they result in substantial harm to others

unconcerned about performance: does not show concern about poor/problematic performance at school, at work, or in other important activities. The individual does not put forth the effort necessary to perform well, even when expectations are clear and typically blames others for his or her poor performance

shallow or deficient effect: does not express feelings or show emotions to others except in ways that seem shallow, insincere, or superficial (e.g actions contradict the emotions displayed; can turn emotions 'on' or 'off' quickly) or when emotional expressions are used for gain (e.g emotions displayed to manipulate or intimidate others)
1) substance is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended
2) there is a persistent desire or unsuccessful effort to cut down or control substance use
3) a great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain substance, use the substance, or recover from its effects
4) there is a craving or a strong desire or urge to sue the substance
5) recurrent substance use results in failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home (e.g repeated absences or poor work performance related to substance use; substance-related absences, suspensions, or expulsions from school; neglect of children or household)
6) continued substance use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance
7) important social, occupational, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of substance use
8) there is recurrent substance use in situaitons in which it is physically hazardous (e.g driving an automobile or operating a machine when impaired)
9) substance use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance
10) tolerance as defined by either or both of the following:
a need for markedly increased amounts of substance to achieve intoxication or desired effect
markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of the substance
11) withdrawal, as manifested by either of the following:
the characteristic withdrawal syndrome for a substance
the same substance is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms