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An Age of Emires: Rome and Han China, 753 BCE - 600 CE
Terms in this set (24)
A council whose members were the heads of wealthy, landownig families. An advisory council
The period during which Rome was largely governed by the aristocratic Roman Senate
A fundamental social relationship in which the patron - a wealthy and powerful individual - provided legal and economic protection and assistance to clients, men of lesser status and means, and in return the clients supported the political careers and economic interests of their patron
A term used to characterize Roman government in the first three centuries CE
Honorific name of Octavian, founder of the Roman Principate, the military dictatorship that replaced the failing rule of the Roman Senate
Prosperous landowners second in wealth and status to the senatorial aristocracy in ancient Italy
"Roman Peace". Connotes the stability and prosperity that Roman rule brought the the lands of the Roman Empire in the first two centuries CE
The process by which the Latin language and Roman culture became dominant in the western provices of the Roman Empire
A Jew from Galilee in northern Israel who sought to reform Jewish beliefs and practices.
A Jew from Tarsus who became a Christian and began the process by which Christianity separated from Judaism
Third century crisis
Historian's term for the political, military, and economic turmoil that beset the Roman Emire during much of the third-century CE
Roman emperor who reunited the Roman Empire, moved the captial to Constantinapole and made Christianity a favored religion
Historians' name for the eastern portion of the Roman Empire from the fourth century onward, taken from an early name for Constantinapole
A people and state in the Wei Valley of eastern China that conquered rival states and created the first Chinese empire.
Founder of the short-lived Qin dynasty and creator of the Chinese Empire. Remembered for his ruthless conquest of rival staes, standardization of practices, and forcible organization of labor for military and engineering tasks.
Term used to designate 1)the ethic Chinese people who originated in the Yellow River Valley and throughout regions of China suitable for agriculture and 2) the dynasty of emperors who ruled 202 BCE to 220 CE
City in the Wei Valley in eastern China that became the capital of the Qin and early Han dynasty
class of prosperous families, next in wealth below the rural aristocrats, from which the emperors drew their administrative personnel in ancient China
The Roman elite
the non-elite and the majority of the Roman society
the oldest living male is in charge of the household
"first among equals"
a conduit, either elecated or underground, using gravity to carry water from a source to a location - usually a city- that needed it